In 1929 Jews were butchered by arabs thugs in Hevron

For many years, the small Jewish community in the ancient city of Hebron lived in peace with their tens of thousands of Arab neighbors. But, on the night of August 23, 1929, the tension simmering within this cauldron of nationalities bubbled over and for a period of three days, Hebron turned into a city of terror and murder as the Arab residents led a rampaging massacre against the bewildered and helpless Jewish community.

By the time the massacre ended, 67 Jews  lay dead – their homes and synagogues destroyed – and the few hundred survivors were relocated to Jerusalem.  The aftermath   left Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years.

Hebron Massacre Destruction at the Avraham Avinu Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter

The summer of 1929 was one of unrest in Palestine as Jewish immigrants were arriving in increasing numbers and  the agitations of the mufti in Jerusalem spurred on Jewish-Arab tensions. Just one day                                   prior to the start of the Hebron massacre, three Jews and three Arabs                                   were killed in Jerusalem when                                   fighting broke out after a Muslim prayer service on the Temple Mount.                                   Arabs spread false rumors and libels throughout their communities, saying that                                   Jews were carrying out “wholesale killings of Arabs.”

Hebron had up until this time been outwardly peaceful,                                   although tensions hid below the surface. The Sephardi Jewish community (Jews who were originally from Spain, North Africa and                                   Arab countries)                                   in Hebron had lived quietly with its Arab neighbors for centuries. Theses                                   Sephardi Jews  spoke Arabic and had a cultural connection with the the Arabs of Hebron. In the mid-1800s, Ashkenazi (native European) Jews started                                   moving to Hebron and, in 1925, the Slobodka Yeshiva – officially called the                                   Yeshiva of Hevron Knesset Yisrael-Slobodka – was opened.

Yeshiva students                                   lived separately from both the Sephardi Jewish community and from the Arab population.  This isolation fed the Arab views that these “Zionist immigrants” were suspicious and thus hated. Despite the general suspicion,                                   however, one yeshiva student, Dov Cohen, still recalled being on “very                                   good” terms with the Arab neighbors. He remembered yeshiva boys taking                                   long walks late at night on the outskirts of the city and not feeling                                   afraid even though only one British policeman guarded the entire city.

On Friday, August 23, 1929, that tranquility was lost.

Arab youths began the riots by hurling rocks at the yeshiva students as they walked by. That afternoon,                                   student Shmuel Rosenholtz went to the yeshiva alone. Arab rioters                                   broke in to the building and killed him.  Rosenholtz’s was but the first of dozens of murders.

On Friday night, Rabbi Ya’acov Slonim’s son                                   invited any  Jews fearful of the worsening situation to stay in their family house. The rabbi was highly                                   regarded in the community, and he kept a gun. Many of the Jews in the community took                                   this offer for shelter.  Unfortunately,  many of these people were eventually murdered there.

As early as 8:00 a.m. on Saturday morning – the Jewish Sabbath –                                   Arabs began to gather en masse around the Jewish community. They came in mobs, armed with clubs,                                   knives and axes. While the women and children threw stones, the men                                   ransacked Jewish houses and destroyed Jewish property. With only a single                                   police officer in all of Hebron, the Arabs were able to enter Jewish courtyards with literally no                                   opposition.

Hebron Massacre Jewish Home in Hebron Plundered

Rabbi Slonim, who had tried to shelter the Jews,                                   was approached by the rioters and offered a deal. If all the Ashkenazi yeshiva students were given over to the Arabs, the rioters would spare                                   the lives of the Sephardi community.

Rabbi Slonim refused to turn over                                   the students.  The Arabs killed him on the spot.

By the end of the massacre, 12 Sephardi Jews                                   and 55 Ashkenazi Jews were murdered.

A few Arabs did try to help the Jews. Nineteen Arab                                   families saved dozens if not  hundreds of Hebron’s Jews. Zmira Mani wrote                                   about an Arab named Abu Id Zaitoun who brought his brother and son to                                   rescue  her family. The Arab family protected the Manis with                                   their swords, hid them in a cellar along with other Jews  they had                                   saved, and eventually found a policeman to escort them safely to the police station                                   at Beit Romano.

The Beit Romano police station turned into a shelter for the Jews                                   on the morning of Saturday, August 24. It also became a synagogue when the Orthodox                                   Jews gathered there  said their morning prayers. As they finished                                   praying, they began to hear noises outside the building. Thousands of                                   Arabs descended from Har Hebron, shouting “Kill the Jews!” in Arabic.                                   They even tried to break down the doors of the station.

For three days, the Jews were besieged in Beit Romano by the rampaging Arabs.                                   Each night, ten men were allowed to leave the building and go to Hebron’s                                   ancient Jewish cemetery to conduct a funeral for any Jews murdered that day.

Following the massacre, the surviving Jews of Hebron were forced to leave their  city and resettle in Jerusalem.                                   A number of Jewish families tried to move back to Hebron, but were removed                                   by the British authorities in 1936 at the start of the Arab revolt.

In 1948, Israel gained its independence from Britian, but  Hebron was captured by King Abdullah’s Arab Legion                                   during the War of Independence and ultimately annexed to Jordan.

When Israel finally regained control of the city in 1967,a small number of  survivors from the massacre again tried to reclaim their old  Then-Defense Minister Moshe Dayan supposedly told the survivors that if they returned, they  would be arrested, and that they should be patient while the government worked out a solution to get their houses back. Years later, settlers                                   moved to parts of Hebron without the permission of the government, but  for those massacre survivors still seeking their original homes, that  solution never came.

Early Sunday morning. The Abu Khadid family from Hebron begins renovating their shop on Shuhada Street – only a few dozen feet from the Cave of the Patriarchs. 

 

A short while later, a group of settlers from the Jewish part of the city arrive on the scene. Armed with plastic furniture, they set

 

up two tables in front of the store’s entry and unpack light refreshments. The goal of their visit: To block access to the shop, in protest of its renovation.

 

 

IDF and police forces, who are well aware of the volatile atmosphere in the city, arrived almost instantly to see what was behind the improvised picnic, and formed a buffer between the two sides before things got out of hand.

 

A few minutes later, UN forces from the Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH) arrived, followed by more representatives from watchdog organizations – most of them unheard of by the Israeli public – like The Ecumenical Accompaniment Program in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) and Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT). Eventually, with the exception of a few swear words, the crisis was averted.

 

The army is well aware of the atmosphere in the city (Photo: Gil Yohanan) The army is well aware of the atmosphere in the city (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

Time stands stil in the streets of Hebron (Photo: Gil Yohanan) Time stands stil in the streets of Hebron (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

This bizarre mix of settlers, Palestinians, soldiers, policemen, UN forces and Scandinavian-looking observers, coexists in a territory of 50 square feet. This may seem like the opening line of a joke, but life in the H-2 territory, the Israeli controlled part of Hebron, over the last 20 years has been anything but a comic relief.

 

This was especially true on Wednesday, exactly two decades after Dr. Baruch Goldstein entered the Muslim prayer chamber in The Cave of the Patriarchs armed with an automatic rifle and opened fire. Twenty-nine Palestinians died and over a hundred were injured by the time the barrage of bullets had stopped, and Goldstein had been killed at the hands of his surviving victims. That fateful massacre changed the face of Hebron forever.

 

‘We’re the ones being punished’

Among the hundreds of worshipers who filled the prayer hall that deadly day was Kamal Al-Abadi, then 20-years-old, who worked in marketing for his family’s shoes manufacturing business. Now he is in a wheelchair, after a bullet pierced his throat and damaged his spine. After sustaining the paralyzing wound, Al-Abadi lost consciousness and awoke only several months later, in Jordan.

 

Kamal Al-Abadi (Photo: Gil Yohanan) Kamal Al-Abadi (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

(Photo: Gil Yohanan) (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

“The Jordanian doctor arrived and told me I better get used to the fact I won’t be able to walk anymore,” he recalled. From Israel, he said, he received a one-time compensation of NIS 100,000 ($ 28,400). He underwent physical therapy and now works as a clerk for the Palestinian Authority. He has devoted his life to promoting sports for the disabled and participates in international table tennis competition.

 

His city, on the other hand, never recovered. “We thought that the world would be on our side after the massacre, but we were the ones being punished again”.

 

It started with growing restrictions on Palestinians’ freedom of movement, as well as the closing of some their shops in fear of additional vengeance. After the Second Intifada, the IDF increased its segregation policy, forcing many to close their main street shops, which were deserted by the residents in favor of other areas.

 

In the boulevard of closed shops lives Moped Sharabati. “We had a store which sold Hookahs and charcoal. The day of the massacre was the last day it was opened,” he said while chain-smoking and lying on a bed in the living room of his bleak home.

 

Until then, he claims, his five brothers lived in the adjacent houses and the shop was the source of the family’s livelihood. “After the store closed, with the new and straining routine here, two of my brothers moved to the Palestinian part of Hebron and another brother moved to Ramallah”.

 

Have you also thought of leaving?

“I understand those who leave, but I will not buckle despite all the pressure. Somebody even offered us a check for NIS 1 million to evacuate our house”.

 

Moped Sharabati (Photo: Gil Yohanan) Moped Sharabati (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

(Photo: Gil Yohanan) (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

The two decades that have passed haven’t filled him with much optimism. “The world carried on since that day, but here nothing changed. Our lives stopped,” he complains, sparing no criticism from the Palestinian Authority: “We receive no support from them”.

 

Rather die here

Khaled Khativ, a neighbor who joined the conversion at the Sharabati residence, tries to remain positive nonetheless. “In the first few years after the settlers arrived, our relationship (with them) was tolerable,” he claimed. “I thought they were interested in living peacefully together, but over the years they left and in their place came a group of extremists with whom we are having all this trouble.”

 

The rest of the people in the room interrupted him, claiming that no one moves to somebody else’s territory with the intent to be neighborly. On one thing they could all agree: The massacre only strengthened the extremists on the Palestinian side and inspired suicide bombings inside Israel.

 

Wadha Al-Bayed (Photo: Gil Yohanan) Wadha Al-Bayed (Photo: Gil Yohanan)

 

 

Again and again, the Palestinian residents described a feeling of abandonment. “Our lives became harder,” said Wadha Al-Bayed, an elderly woman, whose son Arafat was killed in the massacre.

 

According to her, The Red Cross used to hand out food to the needy, but had stopped doing so in recent years. Nowadays, she claims, only Hamas-owned charities continue to help. “That’s also not enough,” she added. “Anyone with children has already left and moved somewhere else, but I’ve stayed. I’d rather die in this house.”

 

The walk back from her house to The Cave of the Patriarchs painted a depressing image: The streets were empty, the shops were closed and the entrance was blocked with metal bars covered with Stars of David graffiti as well as the word “Hamas” in Arabic.

 

The entrances that once connected the north and south sides of town are now sealed off with cement blocks, and the silence is interrupted only once in a while by the sounds of a settler’s car, a military jeep or a vehicle belonging to a human rights organization, monitoring any interaction that could ignite the barrel of gunpowder, which is neatly referred to as H-2

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His leadership and television interviews have gone trough out the world. Luden Centeno of Converso Marano Jewish background from Spain resides permanently in Jerusalem. His analysis of Middle Eastern events as they relate to Israel is regularly broadcast through internet radio and television through out the world, especially the USA. Luden has given close to 500 television interviews in Israel Jerusalem and broadcasts live from Jerusalem Israel on the radio. On our last 6 radio programs we have had over 500,00 listeners listening in. Our main goal is to educate the world about Israel and its right to protect herself from any form of terrorism that comes out of Ramallah and the occupied territories that belong to Israel. Israel faces many challenges and dangers since a very long time. There is an unprecedented propaganda campaign initiated by the Arab League to demonize, discredit and delegitimize the Jewish people and their state, within their own land! The efforts of the Arab League were recently seen in the UN Resolution 2334 text as follows, adopted by the UN Security Council at its 7853rd meeting, on 23 December 2016. Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 452 (1979), 465 (1980), 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), and 1850 (2008), guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force, reaffirming the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, and recalling the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the International Court of Justice, condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, including, inter alia, the construction and expansion of settlements, transfer of Israeli settlers, confiscation of land, demolition of homes and displacement of Palestinian civilians, in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions. In order to achieve their goals, the Arabs have for more than 30 years resorted to a deliberate misinformation campaign. This propaganda campaign by the Arab League – both in their own countries and for the last three decades exported to Europe and North America has caused Israel what would seem irreparable damage and indeed, it was the main culprit in the reawakening of dormant European anti-Semitism. Israel continues to suffer many attacks from terrorists and should not bow down under the pressure imposed by the USA, the EU. the Quartet, nor the UN. The former Obama administration was working behind the scenes to get UN Resolution 2334 to pass. even while allowing Iran to continue to develop their nuclear facilities by using John Kerry and others to fulfill their hidden agenda. On December 23rd 2016 the US abstained from exercising its veto to UN resolution 2334 which allowed it to pass. Then John Kerry immediately blasted Israel over the presence of Israeli settlements within Israel's own land. The Obama Administration's hidden agenda came to light. The former Obama administration was trying to force Israel to give up more land for false peace as we have seen in the past. Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley were on the negotiating table. For perspective, if the so-called Palestinians obtained Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley, Givat HaRoe’eh in the Samaria community of Eli, Ramat Gilad and Giv’at Assaf (also in Samaria), and Mitzpeh Lachish, near Nehogot outside Hebron. they could easily rain down rockets towards any city within Israel, leaving without defensible borders. We say no to land for false peace as we have seen in the past. By former President Barrack Hussein Obama who had a hidden agenda against Israel who will face many difficult challenges ahead (see Tehillim / See Psalms 83) As we have seen what happened with Gush Katif where almost 9,000 Jews were forced out of their own Jewish land due to US pressure, now Bet El Almuna and Migron and Judea and Samaria face the same threat. More than 17,000 rockets have been fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel since Israel uprooted 9,000 Jewish families. Over 11,000 were fired from Gaza towards the southern Israeli city of Sderot by Islamist extremist whose end-game is the total destruction of my people Israel. Hamas terrorists are supported by Iran and now Hamas has joined hands with Fatah. The Iranian Lebanese proxy Hezbollah who also operate in Syria are committed to the total destruction of Israel and has over 100,00 rockets aimed at Israel .Now Al Qaeda and ISIS who are operating in Syria Egypt and the Sinai Desert they will do anything in their power to destroy my people Israel and all Jews. Judea and Samaria (the heartland of Israel also known as the West Bank) face many challenges in the days to come as Abu Mazen will try to pressure the entire world and former US President Barrack Hussein Obama the UN the EU and the Quartet into giving more land for false peace. We saw what happened after the Oslo Accords were signed, dramatically increasing Islamic terror against Israel. Abu Mazen the fake Palestinian Authority leader approached the United Nations many times and has petitioned to be declared as a recognized nation within Israel's known borders. The time has come to tell the entire world the real truth about the enemies of Israel. We speak on the Quran using a Power Point video presentation. We have been aired on CNN, German TV, Finland TV, CCTV, China Al Jazera, Al Arabiya Turk TV and many radio stations on the current issues of Israel. Luden Centeno has a heart for his people Israel and will continue to inform the entire world the real truth as many News Media outlets throughout the world hold anti-Semitic views and won’t tell you the real truth. Centeno, a former police officer who studied Political Science at Temple University USA was born in the USA and currently lives in Jerusalem Israel, knowing karate and boxing having played semi-pro baseball. He has two children, a girl and a son, both born in Jerusalem. Centeno discovered in 2004 that there were possible Converso Marrano Jews from Spain whose ancestors were forced to convert to Catholicism during the time of the Inquisition in 1492. The family names Centeno and Perez are registered in El Libro Verde De Aragon in Spain. The Roman Catholic Inquisitors maintained all the names of all Jewish families who were forced to convert to Catholicism during that horrible time period in Spain. Since 2004 Centeno has been flying intercontinentally to the USA speaking to the nations on the current issues of the the state of Israel (see Psalms 83′ as the nations gather against Israel.) He has spoken on Al Arabiya TV, Dubai TV, Holland TV, German TV and also on American Family Radio which links up with 700 radio stations. His goal is to educate the entire world that Israel has the right to self-determination and the right to defend itself from terrorism. The Moslem Arabs in that area started calling themselves “Palestinians” merely only 40 years ago. “Palestinian” refers to people who live in Palestine: Arabs (“Arabic speaking peoples”), Bedouins, Druze, Christians, and Jews lived in then the British Mandate of Palestine. No people or nation called Palestine ever ruled as a sovereign national entity on this land. There is no Palestinian language or culture in past history. Palestine, as a country does not presently exist. No Arab nation has their historical roots on the land and no one had laid claim to this territory other than the Jews. The Jewish rule of this land extended over a period of over 2000 years. Israel became a nation in the land in 1312 BC. God gave them the land in a covenant (Deuteronomy 29:1-30:20) and they lived there. See the following Quote from the Quran, "Death to the enemies of Allah! Those that make war against Allah and His apostle and spread disorder in the land shall be slain or crucified or have their hands and feet cut off on alternate sides, or be banished from the land. They shall be held up to shame in this world and sternly punished in the hereafter: except those that repent before you reduce them. For you must know that Allah is..." This is what radical Islam says about us Jews’ “The Day of Judgement will not come about until Muslims fight the Jews (killing the Jews), when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Muslims, O Abdullah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him. Only the Gharkad tree, (a certain kind of tree) would not do that because it is one of the trees of the Jews.” (related by al-Bukhari and Muslim) Psalms Chapter 83 תְּהִלִּים א שִׁיר מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף. 1 A Song, a Psalm of Asaph. ב אֱלֹהִים אַל-דֳּמִי-לָךְ; אַל-תֶּחֱרַשׁ וְאַל-תִּשְׁקֹט אֵל. 2 O God, keep not Thou silence; hold not Thy peace, and be not still, O God. ג כִּי-הִנֵּה אוֹיְבֶיךָ, יֶהֱמָיוּן; וּמְשַׂנְאֶיךָ, נָשְׂאוּ רֹאשׁ. 3 For, lo, Thine enemies are in an uproar; and they that hate Thee have lifted up the head. ד עַל-עַמְּךָ, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד; וְיִתְיָעֲצוּ, עַל-צְפוּנֶיךָ. 4 They hold crafty converse against Thy people, and take counsel against Thy treasured ones. ה אָמְרוּ–לְכוּ, וְנַכְחִידֵם מִגּוֹי; וְלֹא-יִזָּכֵר שֵׁם-יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹד. 5 They have said: ‘Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.’ ו כִּי נוֹעֲצוּ לֵב יַחְדָּו; עָלֶיךָ, בְּרִית יִכְרֹתוּ. 6 For they have consulted together with one consent; against Thee do they make a covenant; God’s word says in Zechariah 8:23 "Thus saith the LORD of Hosts: In Those days it shall come to pass, That ten men shall take hold, out of all the languages of the nations, shall even take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying: We will go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."

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