The Talmud Unmasked

The Talmud Unmasked

The Secret        Rabbinical Teachings Concerning Christians

 


ANTIPHONE

“Let our        writings be open to all people. Let them see what out moral        code        is like! We need not be afraid of this test, for we have a pure        heart and a clean spirit. Let the nations investigate the        habitations of the children of Israel, and of their own accord        convince themselves of what they are really like! They will        then        exclaim for certain with Balaam, when he went out to curse        Israel: ‘How beautiful are thy tents O Israel: how beautiful        thy homes!’

“In its attitude towards non-Jews, the Jewish religion        is the most tolerant of the the religions in the world… The        precepts of the ancient Rabbis, though inimical to Gentiles,        cannot be applied in any way to Christians.”

“A whole series of opinions can be quoted from the        writings of the highest Rabbinical authorities to prove that        these teachers inculcated in their own people a great love and        respect for Christians, in order that they might look upon        Christians, who believe in the true God, as brothers, and pray        for them.”

“We hereby declare the the Talmud does not contain        anything inimical to Christians.”

 

PROLOGUE

Many people who are interested in the Jewish question are        wont to ask whether or not there is anything in the Talmud        which is not beautiful and sublime, and entirely removed from        anything like hatred of Christians. The confusion of opinion        about the matter is so great, that to listen to those who argue        so wisely about it, you would think that they were discussing a        very ancient and remote race of people, and not the people of        Israel who live in our midst according to an unchanging moral        code by which the religious and social life of the Jews has        been        regulated to this day.

This being so, I have undertaken to show what the Talmud        really teaches about Christians, and thus satisfy the wishes of        those who desire to find out about this doctrine from genuine        original sources.

To this end I have translated the best known Talmudic books        which refer to the Christians, and have arranged these sources        in such order as to bring out clearly the picture of a        Christian        as represented to the Jews by the Talmud.

Lest I be accused of using a corrupted text of the Talmud or        of not having interpreted it correctly, as is generally the        case with those who have attempted to disclose secret Jewish        teachings, I have placed the Hebrew text opposite the Latin.        

I have divided the whole into two sections, the first of        which treats of the teachings of the Talmud about Christians,        and the other, the rules which Jews are obliged to follow when        living among the Christians.

I preface these with a brief discussion about the Talmud        itself in the following chapter.

 

THE TALMUD

The Talmud gets its name from the word Lamud – taught,        and means The Teaching. By metonymy it is taken to mean        the book which contains the Teaching, which is called Talmud,        that is, the doctrinal book which alone fully expounds and        explains all the knowledge and teaching of the Jewish people.        

As to the origin of the Talmud, the Rabbis regard Moses as        its first author. They hold that, besides the written law which        Moses received from God on Mount Sinai on tables of stone,        which is called Torah Schebiktab, he also received        interpretations of it, or the oral law, which is called         Torah        Shebeal Peh. They say that this is the reason why Moses        remained so long on the mountain, as God could have given him        the written law in one day.

Moses is said to have transmitted this oral law to Joshua;        Joshua in turn to the seventy Elders; the Elders to the        Prophets, and the Prophets to the Great Synagogue. It is held        that it was later transmitted successively to certain Rabbis        until it was no longer possible to retain it orally.

Whatever may be said about this story of the Rabbis, it is        sufficiently known to us that before the birth of Christ,        schools existed in Palestine in which sacred literature was        taught. The commentaries of the Doctors of the law were noted        down on charts and lists as an aid to memory, and these, when        collected together, formed the beginnings of the Jewish Talmud.        

In the second century after Christ, Rabbi Jehuda who,        because of the sanctity of his life, was called The Saint, and        The Prince, realizing that the learning of the Jews was        diminishing, that their oral law was being lost, and that the        Jewish people were being dispersed, was the first to consider        ways and means of restoring and preserving their oral law. He        collected all the lists and charts and from them he made a book        which was called the Sepher Mischnaioth, or Mischnah – a         Deuterosis, or secondary law. He divided it into six        parts, each of which was divided into many chapters. We shall        consider these later.

The Mischnah is the foundation and the principal        part of the whole Talmud. This book was accepted by the Jews        everywhere and was recognized as their authentic code of law.        It was expounded in their Academies in Babylon – at Sura,        Iumbaditha and Nehardea – and in their Academies in Palestine        – at Tiberias, Iamnia and Lydda.

As their interpretations increased with the passing of time,        the disputations and decisions of the doctors of the law        concerning the Mischnah were written down, and these        writings constituted another part of the Talmud called the         Gemarah.

These two parts are so disposed throughout the whole Talmud        that the Mischnah serves first as a kind of text of the        law, and is followed by the Gemarah as an analysis of        its various opinions leading to definite decisions.

All the precepts of the Mischnah, however, were not        discussed in the Jewish schools. Those whose use was nullified        by the destruction of the Temple, and those whose observation        was possible only in the Holy Land were not commented upon.        Their explanation was left until the coming of Elias and the        Messiah. For this reason some parts of the Mischnah        are lacking in the Gemarah.

In interpreting the Mischnah of Rabbi Jehuda, the        schools of Palestine and Babylon followed each their own        method, and by thus following their own way gave rise to a        twofold Gemarah – the Jerusalem and the Babylonian        versions. The author of the Jerusalem version was Rabbi        Jochanan, who was head of the synagogue in Jerusalem for        eighty years. He wrote thirty-nine chapters of commentaries        on the Mischnah which he compiled in the year 230 A.D.        

The Babylonian Gemarah, however, was not compiled by        any one person, nor at any one time. Rabbi Aschi began it in        327 A.D and labored over it for sixty years. He was followed        by Rabbi Maremar about the year 427 A.D., and it was completed        by Rabbi Abina about the year 500 A.D. The Babylonian         Gemarah        has thirty-six chapters of interpretations.

This twofold Gemarah, added to the Mischnah,        makes also a twofold Talmud: The Jerusalem version, which, on        account of its brevity and obscurity, is not much used; and the        Babylonian version, which has been held in the highest esteem        by        Jews of all times.

The Gemarah is followed by additions called         Tosephoth. It was thus that Rabbi Chaia first styled his        opinions on the Mischnah which were made by the doctors        outside the schools were called Baraietoth, or        extraneous        opinions.

These Commentaries were further supplemented by other        decisions called Piske Tosephoth, short theses and        simple        principles.

For nearly five hundred years after the Babylonian Talmud        was        completed, the study of literature was greatly hampered partly        due to public calamities and partly owing to dissensions among        the scholars. But in the eleventh century others wrote further        additions to the Talmud. Chief among these were the         Tosephoth of Rabbi Ascher.

Besides these there appeared the Perusch of Rabbi        Moische ben Maimon, called by the Jews Rambam for short, by the        Christians Maimonides, and by Rabbi Schelomo, Iarchi or Raschi.        

Thus, the Mischna, Gemarah, Tosephoth, the marginal        notes of Rabbi Ascher, the Piske Tosephoth and the         Perusch Hamischnaioth of Maimonides, all collected into        one, constitute a vast work which is called the Talmud.

* * * * *

The main parts of the Talmud, which we mentioned above, are        six:

  1. ZERAIM: concerning seeds. It treats of seeds, fruits,                herbs, trees; of the public and domestic use of fruits,                of different seeds, etc.

     

  2. MOED: concerning festivals. It treats of the time when                the Sabbath and other festivals are to begin, ended and                celebrated.

     

  3. NASCHIM: concerning women. It treats of marrying and                repudiating wives, their duties, relations, sicknesses,                etc.

     

  4. NEZIKIN: concerning damages. It treats of damages                suffered by men and animals, penalties and                compensations.

     

  5. KODASCHIM: concerning holiness. It treats of sacrifices                and various sacred rites.

     

  6. TOHOROTH: concerning purifications. It treats of the                soiling and purifying of vessels, bedclothes and other                things.

     

Each of these six parts, which the Jews call Schishah        Sedarim – six orders or ordinances – is divided into books        or        tracts, called Massiktoth, and the books into chapters,        or         Perakim.

  1. ZERAIM. Contains eleven books or Masechtoth.                             1. BERAKTOTH – Benedictions and prayers. Treats of                liturgical rules.                 2. PEAH – Corner of a field. Treats of the corners and                gleanings of the field…The olives and grapes to be                left                to the poor.                 3. DEMAI – Doubtful things. Whether or not tithes must                be                paid on such.                 4. KILAIM – Mixtures. Treats of various mixings of                seeds.                 5. SCHEBIITH – the Sevents. Treats of the Sabbatical                Year.                 6. TERUMOTH – Offerings and Oblations. The Heave                offerings for the priests.                 7. MAASEROTH – the Tithes, to be given to the Levites.                                 8. MAASER SCHENI – the Second Tithe.                 9. CHALLAH – the Dough, the portion to be given thereof                to the Priests.                 10. ORLAH – the Uncircumcised. Treats about the fruits                of                a tree during the first three years after its                plantings.                 11. BIKKURIM – the First Fruits to be brought to the                Temple.

  2. MOED. Contains twelve Books or Masechtoth.                 1. SCHABBATH – the Sabbath. Treats of kinds of work                prohibited on that day.                 2. ERUBHIN – Combinations. Contains precepts about food                for the Sabbath eve.                 3. SCHEKALIM – Passover. Treats of the laws relating to                the Feast of Passover and the Paschal Lamb.                 4. SCHEKALIM – Shekel. Treats of the size and weight of                the shekel.                 5. IOMA – the Day of Atonement. Treats of prescriptions                for that Day.                 6. SUKKAH – the Tabernacle. Treats of the laws                concerning                the feast of Tabernacles.                 7. BETSAH – the Egg of the Day of Feast. Treats of the                kind of work prohibited and permitted on the festivals.                                 8. ROSCH HASCHANAH – New Year. Treats of the Feast of                New                Year.                 9. TAANITH – Fasts. Treats of public fasts.                 10. MEGILLAH – the Scroll. Treats of the reading of the                Book of Esther. Contains the description of the Feast                of                Purim.                 11. MOED KATON – Minor Feast. treats of laws relating                to                the days intervening between the first and last days of                Pesach and Succoth.                 12. CHAGIGAH – Comparison of rites on on the three                feats                of Pesach, Sukkoth and Tabernacles.

  3. NASCHIM. Contains seven Books or Masechtoth.                             1. JEBBAMOTH – Sisters in Law. Treats of Levirate                marriage.                 2. KETHUBOTH – Marriage Deeds. Treats of dower and                marriage settlements.                 3. KIDDUSCHIN – Betrothals.                 4. GITTIN – booklet on Divorces.                 5. NEDARIM – Vows. Treats of vows and their annulment.                                 6. NAZIR – the Nazarite. Treats of the laws concerning                the Nazarites and those who separate themselves from                the                world and consecrate themselves to God.                 7. SOTAH – the Woman suspected of adultery.

  4. NEZIKIN. Contains ten Books or Masechtoth.                 1. BABA KAMA – First Gate. Treats of Damages and                Injuries                and their remedies.                 2. BABA METSIA – Middle Gate. Treats of laws concerning                found property, concerning trust, concerning buying and                selling, lending, hiring and renting.                 3. BABA BATHRA – Last Gate. Treats of laws concerning                real estate and commerce, mostly based on the                traditional                law. Also concerning hereditary succession.                 4. SANHEDRIN – Courts. Treats of the courts and their                proceedings, and the punishment of capital crimes.                 5. MAKKOTH – Stripes. The 40 stripes (minus one)                inflicted on criminals.                 6. SCHEBUOTH – Oaths. Treats different kinds of oaths.                                 7. EDAIOTH – Testimonies. Contains a collection of                traditional laws and decisions gathers from the                testimonies of the distinguished teachers.                 8. HORAIOTH- Decisions. Treats of the sentences of                Judges                and the punishment of transgressors.                 9. ABHODAH ZARAH – Idolatry.                 10. ABHOTH – Fathers. Treats of laws of the fathers. It                is called also PIRKE ABHOTH.

  5. KODASCHIM. Contains eleven Books or Masechtoth.                             1. ZEBBACHIM – Sacrifices. Treats of animal sacrifices                and the mode of their offering.                 2. CHULIN – Profane things. Treats of the traditional                manner of slaughtering animals for ordinary use.                 3. MENACHOTH – Meat-offerings. Treats of meat-and-drink                offerings.                 4. BEKHOROTH – the First Born. Treats of the laws                concerning the first born of man and animals.                 5. ERAKHIN – Estimations. Treats of the mode in which                persons dedicated to the Lord by a vow are legally                appraised in order to be redeemed.                 6. TEMURAH – Exchange. Treats of the laws concerning                sanctified things having been exchanged.                 7. MEILAH – Trespass, Sacrilege. Treats of the sins                subject to the punishment of excision, and their                expiation by sacrifices.                 8. KERITHUTH – Excisions – Treats of the sins subject                to                the punishment of excision, and their expiation by                sacrifices.                 9. TAMID – the Daily Sacrifice- Describes the Temple                services connected with the daily morning and evening                offerings.                 10. MIDDOTH – Measurements. Describes the measurements                and description of the Temple.                 11. KINNIM – the Birds’ Nests. Treats of the sacrifices                consisting of fowls, the offerings of the poor, etc.

  6. TOHOROTH. Contains twelve Books                or Masechtoth.                 1. KELLIM – Vessels. Treats of the conditions under                which                domestic utensils, garments, etc. receive ritual                cleanness.                 2. OHOLOTH – Tents. Treats of tents and houses, and how                polluted and purified.                 3. NEGAIM – Plagues. Treats of the laws relating to                Leprosy.                 4. PARAH – the Heifer. Treats of the laws concerning                the                red heifer and the use of its ashes for the                purification                of the unclean.                 5. TOHOROTH – Purifications. Treats of some lesser                degrees of uncleanness lasting only until sunset.                 6. MIKVAOTH – Wells. Treats of the conditions under                which                wells and reservoirs are fit to be used for ritual                purifications.                 7. NIDDAH – Menstruation. Treats of the legal                uncleanness                arising from certain conditions in women.                 8. MAKSCHIRIN – Preparations. Treats of liquids that                prepare and dispose seeds and fruits to receive ritual                uncleanness.                 9. ZABHIM – Concerning nightly pollution and gonorrhea.                Treats on the uncleanness arising from such secretions.                                 10 TEBHUL IOM – Daily washing.                 11. IADAIM – Hands. Treats of the ritual uncleanness of                hands, according to the traditional law, and of their                purification.                 12. OKETSIN – Stalks of fruit. Treats of stalks and                shells of fruit as conveying ritual uncleanness.

The complete Talmud contains 63 books in 524 chapters.

Added to these are four other shorts tracts, which have not        been included in the regular Talmud. They have been added by        later writers and exponents.

These four are:         MASSEKHETH SOPHERIM – the Tract of Scribes. Treats of the mode        of        writing the books of the law. Has 21 chapters.         EBHEL RABBETI – a large treatise on Mourning. Has 14 chapters.                 KALLAH – the Bride. On the acquisition of the bride. Has one        chapter.         MASSEKHETH DEREKH ERETS – the Conduct of Lide. Divided into        RABBAH – major parts, and ZUTA – the minor parts. Has 16        chapters. At the end is added a special chapter – PEREK SCHALOM        –        on Peace.

* * *

Since the Talmud was such a voluminous and disordered work,        there was a need of a compendium which would facilitate its        study. To supply this need, therefore, Rabbi Isaac ben Jacob        Alphassi, in 1032, published a Shorter Talmud, which he        called Halakhoth – Constitutions. He omitted all lengthy        discussions and preserved only those parts which had to do with        the practical things of life. Since this work, however, had no        order to it, it was not considered of great worth.

The first to issue a well ordered work on Jewish Law was        Maimonides, styled the “Eagle of the Synagogue.” In        1180 he produced his celebrated work Miscnhah Torah –        Repetition of the Law, also called Iad Chazakah – the        Strong Hand. It contains four parts or volumes and 14 books and        includes the whole Talmud. Maimonides also included much        philosophical discussion in this work and attempted to        establish many laws of his own. Because of this he was        excommunicated by his people and condemned to death. He fled to        Egypt where he died in the year 1205.

In spite of this, the value of his work increased in time,        and for a while an expurgated version was held in the highest        esteem by the Jews. A drawback to this work is that it contains        many laws which were of no value after the destruction of the        Temple.

An edition of the work of Maimonides, expurgated of all his        philosophical innovations and of all the old, useless laws, was        edited in 1340, in strict accord with the ideas of the Rabbis,        by Jacob ben Ascher, to which he gave the name Arbaa Turim        – The Four Orders, which are:

  1. ORACH CHAIIM: The seeds of Life, and treats of the                daily life in the home and in the Synagogue.

  2. IORE DEAH: which teaches knowledge about foods,                purifications and other religious laws.

  3. CHOSCHEN HAMMISCHPAT: private judgments about civil                and criminal laws.

  4. EBHEN HAEZER: The Rock of Help, which treats of the                laws of marriage.

Since Alphasi, Maimonides and Jacob ben Ascher disagreed on        many points, which gave rise to different interpretations of        the same law, there was great need of a book which would        contain short, concise solutions to controversies, and which        would supply to the Jewish people a law book worthy of; the        name.

Joseph Karo, a Rabbi of Palestine (born 1488, died 1577),        supplied this need by his celebrated; commentary on the         Arbaa Turim, which he called Schulchan Arukh        – the Prepared Table. Since, however, the customs of        oriental Jews differed greatly from those of western Jews,        even the Schulchan Arukh, of Joseph Karo did not suffice        for Jews everywhere. And for this reason Rabbi Mosche Isserles        wrote a commentary on the Schulchan Arukh, entitled         Darkhe Mosche, the Way of Moses, which received the        same acceptance in the West as the work of Joseph Karo in the        East.

At the present time, the Schulchan Arukh is regarded        as the obligatory Law Code of the Jews, and they use it        principally in their studies. Many commentaries have been        written on each part of this book.

An important point to note is that this work has always been        regarded by the Jews as holy. They have always held it, and        still hold it, as more important than the Sacred Scriptures.        The Talmud itself shows this very clearly:

In the tract Babha Metsia, fol. 33a, we read:         “Those who devote themselves to reading the Bible exercise        a certain virtue, but not very much; those who study the         Mischnah exercise virtue for which they will receive a        reward; those, however, who take upon themselves to study the         Gemarah exercise the highest virtue.”

Likewise in the tract Sopherim XV, 7, fol. 13b:         “The Sacred Scriptures is like water, the Mischnah        wine, and the Gemarah aromatic wine.

The following is a well-known and highly praised opinion in        the writings of the Rabbis:         “My son, give heed to the words of the scribes rather than        to the words of the law.”
        The reason for this is found in the tract Sanhedrin         X, 3, f.88b:         “He who transgresses the words of the scribes sins more        gravely than the transgressors of the words of the law.”        

Also when there are differences of opinion between the Law        and the doctors, both must be taken as the words of the Lord        God.         In the tract Erubhin, f.13b, where it is related that        there was a difference of opinion between the two schools of        Hillel and Schamai, it is concluded that:         “The words of both are the words of the living God.”                 In the book Mizbeach, cap. V, we find the following        opinion:         “There is nothing superior to the Holy Talmud.”         Contemporary defenders of the Talmud speak of it almost in the        same way.

What Christians have thought of the Talmud is amply proved        by the many edicts and decrees issued about it, by which the        supreme rulers in Church and State proscribed it many times and        condemned this sacred Secondary Law Code of the Jews to the        flames.

In 553 the Emperor Justinian forbade the spread of the        Talmudic books throughout the Roman Empire. In the 13th century        “Popes Gregory IX and Innocent IV condemned the books of        the Talmud as containing every kind of vileness and blasphemy        against Christian truth, and ordered them to be burned because        they spread many horrible heresies.”

Later, they were condemned by many other Roman Pontiffs –        Julius III, Paul IV, Pius IV, Pius V, Gregory XIII, Clement        VIII,        Alexander VII, Benedict XIV, and by others who issued new        editions of the Index of Forbidden Books according to the        orders of the Fathers of the Council of Trent, and even in our        own time.

At the beginning of the 16th century, when the peace of the        Church was disturbed by new religions, the Jews began to        distribute the Talmud openly, aided by the art of printing then        recently invented. The first printed edition of the whole        Talmud, containing all its blasphemies against the Christian        religion, was published in Venice in the year 1520. And almost        all Jewish books published in that century, which was favorable        to them, are complete and genuine.

Towards the end of the 16th century and at the beginning of        the 17th, when many famous men undertook diligently to study        the Talmud, the Jews, fearing for themselves, began to expunge        parts of the Talmud which was published at Basle in 1578 has        been mutilated in many places.

And at Synod in Poland, in the year 1631, the Rabbis of        Germany and many other countries declared that nothing which        would annoy the Christians and cause persecution of Israel,        should be printed. For this reason there are signs of many        things missing in the Jewish books which were published in        the following century and thereafter. The Rabbis explain from        memory what these things mean, for they possess the genuine        books which Christians rarely see.

However, Jewish books were published later with very few        mutilations in Holland – where the Jews who were expelled from        Spain were kindly received. The Talmud published there in 1644        – 1648 is almost similar to the Venetian edition.

The latest device invented to deceive the censors was to        insert the word haiah (was) with the genuine text, as        if to indicate that the matter in question once had its place        there. But by so doing they only cleanse the outside of the        cup. For in many places they do show what they mean, ex.gr.        by the words gam attah, “even now,” viz.         “this law obliges”; and aphilu bazzeman        hazzeh, “even to this day” viz. “this        law holds,” and such like.

We must add a few remarks about that other very well known        book of the Jews, called the ZOHAR.

According to some Rabbis, Moses, after he had been        instructed in the interpretation of the law on Mount Sinai, did        not pass this information to Joshua nor he to the Elders, but        to Aaron, Aaron to Eleazer, and so on until the oral teachings        had been put into book form called the ZOHAR, so called from        the name ZEHAR, meaning to shine forth. For it is an        illustration of the books of Moses, a commentary on the        Pentateuch.

The author is said to have been R. Schimeon ben Jochai, a        disciple of R. Akibha who, fifty years after the destruction of        the Temple, ended his life as a martyr about the year 120 A.D.        in Hadrian’s war against the Jews. Since, however, names of men        appear in this book who lived many centuries after the year        indicated, and since neither Rambam (R. Mosche ben Nachman),        nor R. Ascher, who died about the year 1248 A.D., make no        mention of it, it is more likely that those are nearer the        truth who say that the book of Zohar first saw the light about        the 13th century. Especially is this considered likely since        about this time a book was produced which is similar in        argument and style to the Chaldaic type of writing.

It consists of three volumes in large octavo.

Many other works have been published by the Jewish teachers        which are used in the study of Jewish law, and which are held        in high esteem since they explain many obscure passages in the        Talmud. Some of them are cited in this book, and are as        follows:

BIAR – Declaration, elucidation, Commentary on another        Commentary. These declarations differ from one another.

HALAKOTH – usually written HILKHOTH – Decisions or        Dissertations. Separate books of Holy Scriptures and of the        Talmud by different Rabbis: Maimonides, Beshai, Edels, Moses of        Kotzen, Kimchi and others. In most cases citations are given        from HILKOTH AKUM by Maimonides. These contain dissertations        on stars and planets and the status of nations. There is        another – HILKOTH MAAKHALOTH ASAVOROTH – dissertation about        forbidden foods.

IUCHASIN or SEPHER IUCHASIN – dissertations on lineage.        Treats of Sacred and Jewish history from the beginning of the        world until 1500. Printed at Cracow, 1580.

JALKUT – a collected commentary from various ancient books.        Supposed to have not a literal but allegorical meaning. Author:        Rabbi Shimeon of Frankfurt.

KED HAKKEMACH – Barrel of flour. Contains places of        theological communities in alphabetical order. Author: Rabbi        Bechai of Lublin.

MAGEN ABRAHAM – Shield of Abraham. Author: Perizola.

MIZBEACH HAZZAHABH – the Golden Altar. A Cabalistic book.        Author: R. Schelomon ben Rabbi Mordechai. Printed at Basle,        in 1602.

MACHZOR – a Cycle. Book of Prayers used on great festivals.        

MENORATH HAMMAOR – Candlestick of light. A Talmudic book.        Contains Aggadoth and Medraschim. i.e., allegorical and        historical comments on the entire Talmud. Author: Rabbi Isaac        Abhuhabh. Printed in 1544.

MAIENE HAIESCHUAH – Fountains of the Savior. An exquisite        Commentary on Daniel by Rabbi Isaac Abarbanel. There are        numerous disputations against Christians. Printed in 1551.

MIKRA GEDOLAH – the Great Convocation. A Hebrew Bible with        commentaries by R. Salomon Iarchi and R. Ezra.

MASCHMIA IESCHUAH – The Preacher of Salvation. Explanations        on all the Prophets. On future redemption. Author: R.        Abarbanel.

NIZZACHON – Victory. Attacks on Christians and on the Four        Gospels. Author: Rabbi Lipman. Printed in 1559.

SEPHER IKKARIM – Book on fundamentals or articles of faith.        It contains one very bitter attack against the Christian faith.        

EN ISRAEL – the Eye of Israel. A celebrated book. Has a        second part – BETH JAKOBH – the House of Jacob. Embraces the        most delightful Talmudic histories. Printed in Venice, in 1547.        

SCHAARE ORAH – the Gates of Light. A most celebrated        Cabalistic book. Author: Ben Joseph Gekatilia.

SCHEPHAA TAL – Abundance of Dew. A Cabalistic book. A key        to the book of Zohar and other similar books. Author: Rabbi        Schephtel Horwitz of Prague.

TOLDOTH IESCHU – the Generations of Jesus. A little pamphlet        full of blasphemies and maledictions. Contains the history of        Christ. Full of false and deceiving manifestations.

In preparing this booklet I have used the following source        material:

The TALMUD. Edition of Amsterdam, 1644-48, in 14 volumes.

SCHULKHAN ARUKH, by Rabbi Joseph Karo. Edition of Venice,        1594. Without commentaries.

IORE DEAH. Numerous quotations. Edition of Krakow.

ZOHAR. Edition of Amsterdam, 1805. 3 volumes.

MIKRA GEDOLAH. Edition of Amsterdam, 1792, 12 volumes,        edition of Basle, 1620, 2 volumes, edition of Venice.

HILKHOTH  AKUM, of R. Maimonides, edition by Vossius,        1675

As auxillary works I have used:

JOANNES BUXDORFIUS. a Lexicon Chaldaicum, Talmudicum et        Rabbinicum, Base, 1640. b. De Abreviaturis Hebraicis; Operis        Talmudis Recensio; Biblicothea Rabbinica. Basle, 1712. c.        Synagoga Judaica. Basle, 1712.

JOH. CHRISTOPHORI WAGENSEILII, Sota. Aldtorfi Noricum, 1674.        

GEORGII ELIEZ EDZARDI: Tractatus talmudici “AVODA        SARA.” Hamburg, 1705.

JACOBI ECKER: “Der Judenspiegel im Lichte der        Wahrheit,” (The Jewish Mirror in the Light of Truth).        Paderborn, 1884.

AUGUST ROHLING: Die Polemik und das Manschenopfer des        Rabbinismus. (The Polemics and Human Sacrifice of Rabbinism).        Paderborn, 1883.

I have only used the works of those who are held in the        highest esteem by the Jews themselves, and to whom the Jews        appeal when disputing with Christians, by quoting impartially        the opinions of these learned men. Their great dilligence in        quoting from the texts of books which I was able to examine,        has been a proof to me that I used the same diligence even in        quoting from less known sources to which they have much greater        access than I.

 

PART ONE
        THE TEACHING OF THE TALMUD CONCERNING CHRISTIANS

First we shall see what the Talmud teaches         about Jesus Christ, the founder of Christianity;         and secondly, about his followers, the Christians.

CHAPTER I
JESUS CHRIST IN THE TALMUD        

Many passages in the Talmudic books treat of the birth,        life,        death, and teachings of Jesus Christ. He is not always referred        to by the same name, however, but is diversely called ”        That        Man,” “A Certain One,” “The Carpenter’s        Son,” “The One Who Was Hanged,” etc.

Article I. – Concerning        the Names of Jesus Christ

1. The real name of Christ in Hebrew is Jeschua Hanotsri                 – Jesus the Nazarene. He is called Notsri from the city        of Nazareth in which he was brought up. Thus in the Talmud        Christians also are called Notsrim – Nazarenes.         Since the word Jeschua means “Savior,” the        name Jesus rarely occurs in the Jewish books. It is almost        always abbreviated to Jeschu, which is maliciously taken        as if it were composed of the initial letters of the three        words Immach Schemo Vezikro – “May his name and memory be        blotted out.”

2. In the Talmud Christ is called Otho Isch –        “That man,” i.e. the one who is known to all. In the        tract Abhodah Zarah, 6a, we read: “He is called a        Christian who follows the false teachings of that man,        who taught them to celebrate the feast on the first day of the        Sabbath, that is, to worship on the first day after the        Sabbath”

3. Elsewhere he is simply called Peloni – “A        Certain One.” In Chagigah, 4b, we read:         “Mary…the mother of a certain one, of whom it is related        in Schabbath…” (104b)         That this Mary is none other than the mother of Jesus will be        shown later.

4. Out of contempt, Jesus is also called Naggar bar        naggar – “the carpenter son of a carpenter”, also         Ben charsch etaim – “the son of a wood        worker.”

5. He is also called Talui – “The one who was        hanged.” Rabbi Samuel, the son of Mair, in the Hilch.        Akum of Maimonides, refers to the fact that it was        forbidden        to take part in the Christian feats of Christmas and Easter        because they were celebrated on account of him who was        hanged. And Rabbi Aben Ezra, in a commentary on Genes.                 also calls him Talui, whose image the Emperor        Constantine        reproduced on his banner. “…in the days of Constantine,        who made a change of religion and placed the figure of the        one who was hanged on his banner.”

Article II. – The Life        of Christ

The Talmud teaches that Jesus Christ was illegitimate and        was conceived during menstruation; that he had the soul of        Esau; that he was a fool, a conjurer, a seducer; that he was        crucified, buried in hell and set up as an idol ever since by        his followers.

1. ILLEGITIMATE AND CONCEIVED DURING MENSTRUATION         The following is narrated in the Tract Kallah, 1b:         “Once when the Elders were seated at the Gate, two young        men passed by, one of whom had his covered, the other with his        head bare. Rabbi Eliezer remarked that the one in his bare head        was illegitimate, a mamzer. Rabbi Jehoschua said that he        was conceived during menstruation, ben niddah. Rabbi        Akibah, however, said that he was both. Whereupon the others        asked Rabbi Akibah why he dared to contradict his colleagues.        He answered that he could prove what he said. He went therefore        to the boy’s mother whom he saw sitting in the market place        selling vegetables and said to her: “My daughter, if you        will answer truthfully what I am going to ask you, I promise        that you will be saved in the next life.” She demanded        that he would swear to keep his promise, and Rabbi Akibah did        so – but with his lips only, for in his heart he invalidated        his oath. Then he said: “Tell me, what kind of son is this        of yours”? To which she replied: “The day I was        married I was having menstruation, and because of this my        husband left me. But an evil spirit came and slept with me and        from this intercourse my son was born to me.” Thus it was        proved that this young man was not only illegitimate but        also conceived during the menstruation of his mother. And when        his questioners heard this they declared: “Great indeed        was Rabbi Akibah when he corrected his Elders”! And they        exclaimed: “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel who revealed        his secret to Rabbi Akibah the son of Joseph”!         That the Jews understand this story to refer to Jesus and his        mother, Mary, is clearly demonstrated in their book Toldath        Jeschu –  “The Generations of Jesus” – where        the birth of our Savior is narrated in almost the same words.        

Another story of this kind is narrated in Sanhedrin,        67a:         “Of all who are guilty of death by the Law, he alone is        caught by a ruse. How is it done? They light a candle in an        inner        room and place witnesses in an adjoining room outside where        they        can see him and hear his voice, but where they cannot be seen        by        him. Then the one whom he tried to seduce says to him        “Please repeat here privately what you told me        before.”        If the seducer repeats what he said, the others ask him ”        But        how shall we leave our God who is in heaven and serve        idols?” If the seducer repents, then all is well.But if he        says “This is our duty and it is right for us to do        so,” then the witnesses outside, who have heard him, bring        him before the judge and stone him to death. This is what they        did to the son of Stadi in Lud, and they hanged him on the eve        of        the Passover. Forthis son of Stada was the son of Pandira. For        Rabbi Chasda tells us that Pandira was the husband of Stada,        his        mother, and he lived during the time Paphus the son of Jehuda.        But his mother was stada, Mary of Magdala (a ladies’        hairdresser)        who, as it is said in Pumbadita, deserted her husband.”         The meaning of this is that his Mary was called Stada, that is,        a        prostitute, because, according to what was taught at Pumbadita,        she left her husband and commited adultery. This is also        recorded        in the Jerusalem Talmud and by Maimonides.         That the mention here is of Mary, the mother of Jesus, is        verified in the Tract Chagigah, 4b:         “When Rabbi Bibhai was visited once by the Death Angel        (the        devil), the latter said to his assistant: “Go and bring to        me Mary the hairdresser” (that is, kill her). He went and        brought Mary the children’s hairdresser – in place of the other        Mary.”         A marginal note explains this passage as follows:         “This story of Mary the Ladies’ hairdresser happened under        the Second Temple. She was the mother of Peloni,        “that man,” as he is called in the tract         Schabbath.”         In Schabbath the passage referred to says:         “Rabbi Elizer said to the Elders: “Did not the son        Stada practice Egyptian magic by cutting it into his        flesh?”        They replied: “He was a fool, and we do not pay attention        to        what fools do. The son of Stada, Pandra’s son, etc.” as        above in Sanhedrin, 67a.         This magic of the son of Stada is explained as follows in the        book  Beth Jacobh,  fol. 127 a:         “The Magi, before they left Egypt, took special care not        to        put their magic in writing lest other peoples might come to        learn        it But he devised a new way by which he inscribed it on his        skin,        or made cuts in his skin and inserted it there and which, when        the wounds healed up, did not show what they meant.”         Buxtorf says:         “There is little doubt who this Ben Stada was, or who the        Jews understood him to be. Although the Rabbis in their        additions        to the Talmud try to hide their malice and say that it is not        Jesus Christ, their deceit is plainly evident, and many things        prove that they wrote and understood all these things about        him.        In the first place, they also call him the son of Pandira.        Jesus        the Nazarene is thus called in other passages of the Talmud        where        express mention is made of Jesus the son of Pandira. St.        John Damascene also, in his Genealogy of Christ, mentions        Panthera and the Son of Panthera.         “Secondly, this Stada is said to be Mary, and this Mary        the mother of Peloni “that certain one,” by        which without doubt Jesus is meant. For in this way they were        accustomed to cover up his name because they were afraid to        mention it. If we had copies of the original manuscripts they        would certainly prove this. And this also was the name of the        mother of Jesus the Nazarene.         “Thirdly, he is called the Seducer of the People. The        Gospels testify that Jesus was called this by the Jews, and        their writings to this day are proof that they still call him        by this name.         “Fourthly, he is called “the one who was        hanged,”        which clearly refers to the crucifixion of Christ, especially        since a reference to the time “on the eve of the        Passover” is added, which coincides with the time of the        crucifixion of Jesus. In Sanhedrin they wrote as        follows:        “On the eve of the Passover they hanged Jesus”         “Fifthly, as to what the Jerusalem Talmud says about the        two        disciples of the Elders who were sent as witnesses to spy on        him,        and who were afterwards brought forward as witnesses against        him:        This refers to the two “false witnesses” of whom the        Evangelists Matthew and Luke make mention.         “Sixthly, concerning what they say about the son of Stada        that he practiced Egyptian magical arts by cutting into his        flesh: the same accusation is made against Christ in their        hostile book Toldoth Jeschu.         “Lastly, the time corresponds. For it is said that this        son        of Stada lived in the days of Paphus the son of Jehuda, who was        a        contemporary of  Rabbi Akibah. Akibah, however, lived at        the        time of the Ascension of Christ, and for some time after. Mary        is        also said to have lived under the Second Temple. All this        clearly        proves that they secretly and blasphemously understand this son        of Stada to be Jesus Christ the son of Mary.         “Other circumstances may seem to contradict this. But that        is nothing new in Jewish writings and is done on purpose so        that        Christians may not easily detect their trickery.”
        2. Furthermore, “In the secret books, which are not        permitted to fall easily into the hands of Christians, they say        that the soul of Esau came into Christ, that he was therefore        evil and that he was Esau himself.”
        3. By some he is called a FOOL and INSANE         In Schabbath, 104b:         “They, [the Elders] said to him [Eliezer]: “He was a        fool, and no one pays attention to fools.”

4. A CONJURER AND MAGICIAN         In the infamous book Toldoth Jeschu, our Savior is        blasphemed as follows:         “And Jesus said: Did not Isaiah and David, my ancestors,        prophesy about me? The Lord said to me, thou art my son,        today I have begotten thee, etc. Likewise in another place:                 The Lord said to my Lord, sit thou at my right hand. Now I        ascend to my father who is in heaven and will sit at his right        hand, which you will see with your own eyes. But you, Judas,        will never reach that high. Then Jesus pronounced the great        name of God (IHVH) and continued to do so until a wind came and        took him up between earth and sky. Judas also pronounced the        name of God and he likewise was taken up by the wind. In this        way they both floated around in the air to the amazement of the        onlookers. Then Judas, again pronouncing the Divine Nane, took        hold of Jesus and pushed him down to earth. But Jesus tried to        do the same to Judas and thus they fought together. And when        Judas saw he could not win out over the works of Jesushe pissed        on Jesus, and both thus being unclean they fell to earth; nor        could they use the Divine name again until they had washed        themselves.”         Whether those who believe such devilish lies deserve greater        hatred or pity, I cannot say.         In another place in the same book it is related that in the        house of the Sanctuary there was a stone which the Patriarch        Jacob anointed with oil. On this stone were carved the        tetragrammatic letters of the Name (IHVH), and if anyone could        learn from them he could destroy the world. They therefore        decreed that no one must learn them, and they placed two dogs        upon two iron columns before the Sanctuary so that if anyone        should learn them the dogs would bark at him coming out and he        would forget the letters through fear. Then it is related:        “Jesus came and entered, learned the letters and wrote        them down on parchment. Then he cut into the flesh of his thigh        and inserted them there, and having pronounced the name, the        wound healed.”

5. IDOLATER         In the Tract Sanhedrin (103a) the words of Psalm        XCI, 10: “No plague shall come near thy dwelling,”        are        explained as follows:         “That thou mayest never have a son or a disciple who will        salt his food so much that he destroys his taste in public,        like        Jesus the Nazarene.”         To salt one’s food too much or to destroy one’s taste, is        proverbially said of one who corrupts his morals or dishonors        himself, or who falls into heresy and idolatry and openly        preaches it to others.

6. SEDUCER         In the same book Sanhedrin (107b) we read:         “Mar said: Jesus seduced, corrupted and destroyed        Israel.”

7. CRUCIFIED         Finally as punishment for his crimes and impiety, he suffered        an        ignominious death by being hanged on a cross on the eve of the        Passover (as we have seen above).

8. BURIED IN HELL         The book Zohar, III, (282), tells us that Jesus died like a        beast        and was buried in that “dirt heap…where they throw the        dead bodies of dogs and asses, and where the sons of Esau [the        Christians] and of Ismael [the Turks], also Jesus and Mahommed,        uncircumcized and unclean like dead dogs, are buried.”

9. WORSHIPPED AS GOD AFTER HIS DEATH BY HIS FOLLOWERS         George El. Edzard, in his book Avoda Sara, quotes the        following words of the commentator on the Hilkoth Akum        (V,3) of Maimonides:         “In many passages of the Talmud mention is made of Jesus        the Nazarene and of his disciples, and that the Gentiles        believe that there is no other God besides him. In the book         Chizzuk Emunah, part I, ch. 36, we read: “The        Christians build up an argument from this [Zachary XII, 10] and        say: Behold how thew Prophet testified that in future ages the        Jews would would lament and weep because they crucified and        killed the Messiah who was sent to them; and to prove that he        meant Jesus the Nazarene, possessing both the divine and human        nature, they quote the words: And they looked upon him whom        they transfixed and they wept over him as a mother over her        first born child.”” Maimonides attempts to prove how much Christians err in        worshipping Jesus in his book Hilkoth Melakhim (IX, 4):                 “If all the things he did had prospered, if he had rebuilt        the Sanctuary in its place, and had gathered together the        dispersed tribes of Israel, then he would certainly be the        Messiah….But if so far hew has not done so and if he was        killed, then it is clear he was not the Messiah whom the Law        tells us to expect. He was similar to all the good and upright        rulers of the House of David who died, and whom the Holy and        Blessed Lord raised up for no other reason but to prove to        many,        as it is said (in Dan. XI, 35): And some of them who        understand shall fall, to try and to purge them and to make        them white, even till the end of time, because the appointed        time is not yet. Daniel also prophesised about Jesus the        Nazarene who thought he was the Christ, and who was put to        death by the judgment of the Senate: (Dan. V.14): …and        the robbers of thy people shall exalt         themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fail.         What        could be plainer? For all the Prophets said that the Christ        would        set Israel free, would bring it salvation, restore its        dispersed        peoples and confirm their laws. But he was the cause of the        destruction of Israel and caused the rest of them to be        dispersed        and humiliated, so that the Law was changed and the greater        part        of the world was seduced to worship another God. Truly no one        can        understand the designs of the Creator, nor are his ways our        ways.        For all that has been built up by Jesus the Nazarene, and by        the        Turks who came after him, tend only to prepare the way for the        coming of Christ the King, and to prepare the whole world        equally        for the service of the Lord, as it is said: For then I shall        give a clean moth to all peoples that all may call upon the        name        of the Lord, and bow down in unison before him. How is this        being accomplished? Already the whole world is filled with the        praise of Christ, the Law and the Commandments, and his praises        have spread to far distant lands and to peoples whose hearts        and bodies are uncircumcized. These discuss with one another        about the Law that was destroyed – some saying that the        commandments were once true, but have ceased to exist; others        that there is a great mystery about it, that the Messiah-King        has        come and that their doctrine has revealed it. But when the        Christ        truly comes and is successful, and is raised up and exalted,        then        everything will be changed and these things will be shown to be        false and vain.”

10. AN IDOL         In the Tract Abhodah Zarah, (21a Toseph), we        read:         “It is of importance to inquire the reasons why men        nowadays        even sell  and rent their houses to Gentiles. Some say        this        is legal because it is said in Tosephta: No one shall        rent his house to a gentile either here [in the land of Israel]        or elsewhere because it is known that he will bring an idol        into        it. It is nevertheless allowed to rent them stables, barns and        lodging houses, even though it is known that they will bring        idols into them. The reason is because a distinction can be        made between a place into which an idol will be carried in        order        to leave it there permanently, and a place where it will not be        left permanently, in which case it is allowed. And since the        gentiles, among whom we now live, do not bring their idol into        their homes to leave it there permanently, but only for a time        –        while someone is dead in the house or when someone is dying,        nor        do they even perform any religious rites there – it is        therefore        permitted to sell and rent them houses.”         Rabbi Ascher, in his Commentary on Abhodah Zarah (83d)        speaks not less clearly on this matter: “Today it is        permitted to rent houses to Gentiles because they bring their        idol into them only for a time, when somebody is sick.”        And in the same place he says “Today they have a practice        of incensing their idol.””         All this, and much more like it, proves beyond a doubt that        when        the Rabbis speak of the idols of the Gentiles among whom they        lived at that time, when no idols were worshipped, they clearly        meant the Christian “idol,” namely, the image of        Christ        on the crucifix and the Holy Communion.

Note About The Cross        

In Jewish writings there is no directly corresponding word        for the Christian Cross. The cross T on which those condemned        to death were crucified, was called Tau by the        Phoenicians and the Hebrews, and this name and sign for it was        afterwards taken over into the alphabet of the Jews and of the        Greeks and the Romans. The Cross honored by the Christians,        however, is called by the following names:         1. Tsurath Haattalui – the image who was hanged.         2. Elil – vanity, idol.         3. Tselem – image. Hence the Crusaders in Jewish books        are called Tsalmerim (ein Tsalmer)         4. Scheti Veerebh – warp and woof, which is taken from        the textile art.         5. Kokhabh – star; on account of the four rays emanating        from it.         6. Pesila – a sculpture, a carven idol.         But whenever it is mentioned it is always in the sense of an        idol        or of something despicable, as can be seen from the following        quotations:         In Orach Chaiim, 113,8:         “If a Jew when praying should meet a Christian [Akum]        carrying a star [a crucifix] in his hand, even if he has        come to a place in his prayer where it is necessary to bow down        to worship God in his heart, he must not to so lest he should        seem to bow down before an image.”         In Iore Dea, 150,2:         “Even if a Jew should get a splinter in his foot in front        of        an idol, or if he should drop his money before it, he must not        stoop down to remove the splinter or to gather his money lest        he        should seem to adore it. But he should either sit down or turn        his back or his side to the idol and then remove the        splinter.”         But whenever it is not possible for a Jew to turn away like        this,        the following rule must be observed (in Iore Dea, 3,         Hagah):         “It is not permitted to bow down or to remove one’s hat        before princes or priests who wear a cross on their dress, as        is        their custom. Care must be taken, however, not to be noticed in        failing to do so. For instance, one can throw some coins on the        ground and stoop down to pick them up before they pass by. In        this way it is permitted to bow down or to remove one’s hat        before them.” A distinction is also made between a cross        which is venerated and a cross which is worn around the neck as        a        souvenir or as an ornament. The former is to be regarded as an        idol, but not necessarily the latter. In Iore Dea, 141,        1, Hagah, it says:         “The image of a cross, before which they bow down, is to        be        treated as an idol, and it is not to be used until it is        destroyed. However, a ‘warp and woof’ if hung around the neck        as        a souvenir is not to be regarded as an idol and can be        used.”         The sign of the cross made with the hand, by which Christians        are        wont to bless themselves, is called in Jewish “the moving        of        the fingers here and there” (hinc et hinc).

Article III. – The        Teachings of Christ

The Seducer and Idolator could teach nothing but falsehood        and heresy which was irrational and impossible to observe.

1. FALSHOOD         In Abhodah Zarah (6a) it says:         “A Nazarene is one who follows the false teachings of that        man who taught them to worship on the first day of the        Sabbath.”

2. HERESY         In the same book Abohah Zar. (Ch.I, 17a Toseph)        mention is made of the heresy of James. A little further on        (27b)        we learn that this James was none other than the disciple of        Jesus:         “…James Sekhanites, one of the disciples of Jesus, of        whom        we spoke in chapter 1.”         But James taught, not his own doctrine, but that of Jesus.

3. IMPOSSIBLE TO OBSERVE         The author of Nizzachon argues as follows on this point:                 “A written law of the Christians is: If a Jew strike you        on        one cheek, turn the other also to him and do not in any way        return the blow.And ch. VI, v. 27 says: Love your enemies;        do good to them who hate you; bless them who curse you and pray        for those who do you harm; unto him who strikes you on one        cheek        offer him the other. To him who takes away thy cloak do not        forbid him to take thy coat also, etc. The same is found in        Matthew ch. V, v.39. But I have never seen any Christian keep        this law, nor did Jesus himself behave as he taught others to        do. For we find in John ch XVIII, v22, that when someone        struck him on the face, he did not turn the other cheek, but        became angry on account of this one stroke and asked “Why        do you strike me”? Likewise in the Acts of the        Apostles,        ch.XXIII, v. 3, we read: that when the High Priest ordered them        that stood by to strike him on the mouth, Paul did not turn the        other cheek; he cursed him saying “God shall smite thee        thou        whited wall, etc.” This is contrary to their beliefs and        destroys the foundation upon which their religion rests, for        they        boast that the law of Jesus is easy to observe. If Paul        himself,        who may be called the Dispenser of Jesus, could not preserve        the        precept of Jesus, who among the others who believe in him can        prove to me that he can do so?”         The author, however, who had the Gospels and the Acts of the        Apostles under his hand, could not have failed to understand in        what sense Christ commanded his followers to turn the other        cheek        to him who would strike them, since in another place he        commanded        his followers to cut off a hand or an arm, and to pluck out an        eye if these should scandalize them. No one who has had the        least        acquaintance with the Holy Scriptures ever thought that these        commands should be taken literally. Only deep malice and        ignorance of the times in which Jesus lived can explain why the        Jews, even to this day, use these passages to detract from the        teachings of Jesus Christ.

CHAPTER II

CHRISTIANS IN THE TALMUD        

There are three things to be considered in this chapter:

1. The names by which Christians are called in the Talmud.                 2. What kind of people the Talmud pictures Christians to be.         3. What the Talmud says about the religious worship of the        Christians.

Article I. – The Names        Given to Christians in the Talmud

As in our languages Christians take their name from Christ,        so in the language of the Talmud Christians are called         Notsrim, from Jesus the Nazarene. But Christians are        also called by the names used in the Talmud to designate all        non-Jews: Abhodah Zarah, Akum, Obhde Elilim, Minim, Nokhrim,        Edom, Amme Haarets, Goim, Apikorosim, Kuthrim.

1. Abhodah Zarah – Strange worship, idolatry. The        Talmudic Tract on Idolatry is thus entitled: Obhde Abhodah        Zarah – Idol Worshippers. That Abhodah Zarah really        means the cult of idols is clear from the Talmud itself:        “Let Nimrod come and testify that Abraham was not a server        of Abhodah Zarah .” But in these days of Abraham        there existed no strange cult either of the Turks or the        Nazarenes, but only the worship of the true God and idolatry.        In Schabbath (ibid. 82a), it says:         “Rabbi Akibah says: How do we know that Abhodah        Zarah, like an unclean woman, contaminates those who        subscribe to it? Because Isaiah says: Thou shalt cast them        away like a menstruation cloth; and shalt say unto it, Get        thee hence.”         In the first part of this verse mention is made of idols made        from gold and silver.         The learned Maimonides also clearly demonstrates that the Jews        regarded Christians as Abhodah Zarah. In Perusch        (78c) he says: “And be it known that Christian people who        follow Jesus, although their teachings vary, are all        worshippers of idols (Abhodah Zarah).”
        2. Akum – This word is made up of the initial letters        of the words Obhde Kokhabkim U Mazzaloth – worshippers        of stars and planets. It was thus that the Jews formerly styled        the Gentiles who lacked all knowledge of the true God. Now,        however, the word Akum in Jewish books, especially in        the Schulkhan Arukh, is applied to Christians. This is        evident from numerous passages:         In the Orach Chaiim (113,8) those who use a cross are        called Akum. In the Iore Dea (148, 5, 12), those        who celebrate the feasts of Christmas and New Year, eight days        afterwards, are called worshippers of the stars and planets:         “Thus if a gift is sent to the Akum, even in these        times, on the eighth day after Christmas, which they call the        New Year,” etc.
        3. Obhde Elilim – Servers of idols. This name has the        same meaning as Akum. Non-Jews are frequently called by        this name. In the Orach Chaiim, for example (215, 5),        it says: “A blessing should not be pronounced over        incense which belongs to the servers of idols.”         But at the same time when the Schulkhan Arukh was        written there were no worshippers of the stars and planets        (Akum); there were no ‘servers of idols’ among those        who lived with the Jews. Thus, for example, the author of the        Commentary on the Schulkhan Arukh (entitled Magen        Abraham), Rabbi Calissensis who died in Poland in 1775,        in note 8, on No. 244 of the Orach Chaiim (where it is        allowed to finish a work on the Sabbath with the help of an         Akum) says: “Here in our city the question is        raised about the price of hiring worshippers of the stars and        planets who sweep the public streets when they work on the        Sabbath.”

4. Minim – Heretics. In the Talmud those who possess        books called the Gospels are heretics. Thus in Schabbath        (116a) it says:         “Rabbi Meir calls the books of the Minim Aven Gilaion                 [iniquitous volumes] because they call them Gospels.”

5. Edom – Edomites. Rabbi Aben Ezra, when he speaks        about the Emperor Constantine who changed his religion and        placed the image of him who was hanged on his banner, adds:        “Rome therefore is called the Kingdom of the        Edomites.”         And Rabbi Bechai, in his Kad Hakkemach (fol. 20a,        on Isaiah, ch. LXVI, 17) writes:         “They are called Edomites who move their fingers ‘here and        there'” (who make the sign of the cross).         Likewise Rabbi Bechai, commenting on the words of Isaiah         (loc.        cit.), “those who eat the flesh of swine” adds:        “These are the Edomites.” Rabbi Kimchi, however,        calls them “Christians.” And Rabbi Abarbinel, in his        work Maschima Ieschua (36d) says: “The Nazarenes        are Romans, the sons of Edom.”

6. Goi – Race, or people. The Jews also call a man        a Goi – a gentile; they call a gentile woman a Goiah.        Sometimes, but very rarely, Israelites are called by this name.        It is mostly applied to non-Jews, or idolators. In Jewish books        which treat of Idolatry, worshippers of idols are often called        by        this single word Goi.        For this reason, in more recent editions of the Talmud the use        of        the word Goi is purposely avoided and other words for        non-Jews are substituted.         It is well known that in the Jewish language, the Jews call        Christians among whom they live, Goim. Nor do the Jews        deny this. Sometimes in their popular magazines they say that        this word means nothing harmful or evil. But the contrary can        be seen in their books written in the Hebrew language. For        instance, in Choschen Hammischpat (34, 22), the name         Goi is used in a depraved sense:         “Traitors and Epicureans and Apostates are worse than         Goim”

7. Nokhtrim – strangers, foreigners. This name is        used for all who are not Jews, and therefor for Christians.

8. Amme Haarets – People of the earth, idiots. There        are some who say that people of other races are not meant by        this, but only crude and uneducated people. There are passages,        however, which leave no doubt about the matter. In the Holy        Scripture, Book of Esra, ch. X, 2, we read: We have sinned        against our God, and have taken strange wives [nokhrioth] of        the people of the earth. That people of the earth         denotes idolators is clear from Zohar, I, 25a:        “The People of the earth – Obhde Abhodah Zarah,        idolaters.

9. Basar Vedam – Flesh and blood; carnal men who are        destined to perdition and who can have no communion with God.        That Christians are flesh and blood, is proved from the        prayer book:         “Whoever meets a wise and educated Christian can say:        Blessed art thou O Lord, King of the Universe, who dispenseth        of        thy wisdom to Flesh and Blood,” etc.         Likewise in another prayer, in which they ask God soon to        restore        the kingdom of David and to send Elias and the Messia, etc.,        they        aak him to take away their poverty so that they will have no        need        to accept gifts from “flesh and blood,” nor to trade        with them, nor to seek wages from them.

10. Apikorosim – Epicureans. All are called by this        name who do not observe God’s precepts, as well as all those,        even Jews themselves, who express private judgments in matters        of faith. How much more, therefore, Christians!

11. Kuthim – Samaritans. But since there are no        longer        any Samaritans, and since there are many references in recent        Jewish books to Samaritans, who can doubt that this does not        mean the Christians?         Furthermore, in this matter of naming those who are not Jews,        it        is to be particularly noted that Jewish writings apply these        names indiscriminately and promiscuously when they speak of the        same thing, and almost in the same words. For instance, in the        Tract Abhodah Zarah (25b) the word Goi is employed, but        in the Schulkhan Arukh (Iore Dea 153, 2) Akum is        used. Kerithuth (6b) uses Goim; Jebhammoth         (61a) uses Akum; Abhodah Zar. (2a) uses         Obhde Elilim; Thoseph uses Goim and Obhde        Ab., Choschen Ham (Venetian ed.) uses Kuthi; (Slav.        ed.) Akum. And many more instances could be quoted.         Maimonides in his book on Idolatry indiscriminately calls all        the following idolators: Goim, Akum, Obhde Kokhabhim, Obhde        Elilim, etc.

Article II. – What the        Talmud Teaches About Christians

In the preceding chapter we saw what the Jews think of the        Founder of the Christian religion, and how much they despise        his name. This being so, it would not be expected that they        would have any better opinion about those who follow Jesus the        Nazarene. In fact, nothing more abominable can be imagined        than what they have to say about Christians. They say that        they are idolaters, the worst kind of people, much worse than        the Turks, murderers, fornicators, impure animals, like dirt,        unworthy to be called men, beasts in human form, worthy of the        name of beasts, cows, asses, pigs, dogs, worse than dogs; that        they propagate after the manner of beasts, that they have        diabolic origin, that their souls come from the devil and        return        to the devil in hell after death; and that even the body of a        dead Christian is nothing different from that of an animal.

1. IDOLATERS         Since Christians follow the teachings of that man, whom        the Jews regard as a Seducer and an Idolater, and since they        worship him as God, it clearly follows that they merit the name        of idolater, in no way different from those among whom the Jews        lived before the birth of Christ, and whom they taught should        be exterminated by every possible means.
        This is best demonstrated by the names they give Christians,        and        by the unmistakable words of Maimonides which prove that all        who        bear the name of Christian are idolaters. And anyone who        examines        Jewish books which speak of the “Worshippers of the Stars        and Planets,” “Epicureans,”        “Samaritans,”        etc., cannot but conclude that these idolaters are none other        than Christians. The Turks are always called        “Ismaelites,” never idolaters.

2. CHRISTIANS WORSE THAN THE TURKS         Maimonides in Hilkoth Maakhaloth (ch. IX) says:         “It is not permitted to drink the wine of a stranger who        becomes a convert, that is, one who accepts the seven precepts        of Noah, but is permitted to gain some benefit from it. It is        allowed to leave wine alone with him, but not to place it        before        him. The same is permitted in the case of all gentiles who are        not idolaters, such as the Turks [Ismaelites]. A Jew, however,        is        not permitted to drink their wine, although he may use it to        his        own advantage.”

3. MURDERERS         In Abhodah Zarah (22a) it says:         “A Jew must not associate himself with gentiles because        they        are given to the shedding of blood.”         Likewise in Iore Dea (153, 2):         “An Israelite must not associate himself with the Akum                 [Christians] because they are given to the shedding of        blood.”         In the Abhodah Zarah (25b) it says:         “The Rabbis taught: If a Goi joins an Israelite on the        road,        he [the Jew] should walk on his right side. Rabbi Ismael, the        son        of Rabbi Jochanan the nephew of Beruka, says: if he carries a        sword, let the Jew walk on his right side. If the Goi        carries a stick, the Jew should walk on his left side. If he is        climbing a hill or descending a steep incline, the Jew must not        go in front with the Goi behind, but the Jew must go behind and        the Goi in front, nor must he stoop down in front of him        for fear the Goi might crack his skull. And if he should ask        the        Jew how far he is going, he should pretend he is going a long        way, as Jacob our Father said to the impious Esau: until I        come to my Lord in Seir (Gen. XXXIII, 14-17), but it adds:         Jacob set out for Sukoth.”
        In Orach Chaiim (20, 2) it says:         “Do not sell your overcoat (Talith) with the        fringes        to an Akum, lest he should join up with a Jew on the road and        kill him. It is also forbidden to exchange or lend your        overcoat        with a Gentile, except for a short time and when there is        nothing to be feared  from him.”

4. FORNICATORS         In the Abhodah Zarah (15b) it says:         “Animals of the masculine sex must not be left in the        barns        of the Gentiles with their men, nor animals of the feminine sex        with their women; much less must animals of the feminine sex be        left with their men and of the masculine sex with their women.        Nor must sheep be left to the care of their shepherds; nor must        any intercourse be had with them; nor must children be given        into        their care to learn to read or to learn a trade.”         In the same tract a little farther on (22a) it is explained why        animals must not be allowed in the barns of Gentiles, and why        Jews are not permitted to have sexual intercourse with them:         “Animals must not be allowed to go near the Goim,        because they are suspected of having intercourse with them. Nor        must women cohabit with them because they are over-sexed.”                 In fol. 22b of the same book the reason is given why animals        especially of the feminine sex must be kept away from their        women: “…because when Gentile men come to their        neighbors’        houses to commit adultery with their wives and do not find them        at home, they fornicate with the sheep in the barns instead.        And        sometimes even when their neighbors’ wives are at home, they        prefer to fornicate with the animals; for they love the sheep        of        the Israelites more than their own women.”         It is for the same reason that animals are not to be entrusted        to        Goi shepherds, nor children to their educators.

5. UNCLEAN         The Talmud gives two reasons why the Goim are unclean:        because they eat unclean things, and because they themselves        have not been cleansed (from original sin) on Mount Sinai. In         Schabbath, (145b) it says:         “Why are the Goim unclean? Because they eat        abominable things and animals that crawl on their belly.”                 Likewise in Abhodah Zarah, 22b:         “Why are the Goim unclean? Because they were not present        at        Mount Sinai. For when the serpent entered into Eve he infused        her        with uncleanness. But the Jews were cleansed from this when        they        stood on Mount Sinai; the Goim, however, who were not on        Mount Sinaim were not cleansed.”
        6. COMPARED TO DUNG         “When ten persons are praying together in one place and        they        say Kaddisch, or Kedoschah, anyone, even though        he        does not belong there, may respond Amen. There are some,        however,        who say that no dung or Akum must be        present.”         In Iore Dea (198, 48) Hagah, it says:         “When Jewish women come out of a bath they must take care        to        meet a friend first, and not something unclean or a Chrsitian.        For if so, a woman, if she wants to keep holy, should go back        and        bathe again.”         It is worthy of note that the following list of unclean things        is        a given in Biur Hetib, a commentary on the          Schulchan Arukh:         “A woman must wash herself again if she sees any unclean        things, such as a dog, an ass, or People of the Earth; a        Christian (Akum), a camel, a pig, a horse, and a leper.        

7. NOT LIKE MEN, BUT BEASTS         In Kerithuth (6b p. 78) it says:         “The teaching of the Rabbis is: He who pours oil over a         Goi, and over dead bodies is freed from punishment. This        is true for an animal because it is not a man. But how can it        be said that by pouring oil over a Goi one is freed        from punishment, since a Goi is also a man? But this is        not true, for it is written: Ye are my flock, the flock of        my pasture are men (Ezechiel, XXXIV, 31). You are thus        called men, but the Goim are not called men.”         In the Tract Makkoth (7b) he is said to be guilty of        killing “except when, if intending to kill an animal he        kills a man by mistake, or intending to kill a Goi, he        kills an Israelite.”         In Orach Chaiim (225, 10) it says:         “He who sees beautiful creatures, even though it be an        Akum        or an animal, let him say ‘Blessed art thou Our Lord God, King        of        the Universe, who has placed such things on the earth!'”        

8. THEY DIFFER ONLY IN FORM FROM BEASTS         In Midrasch Talpioth (fol. 225d) it says:         “God created them in the form of men for the glory of        Israel. But Akum were created for the sole end of        ministering unto them [the Jews] day and night. Nor can they        ever be relieved from this service. It is becoming to the son        of a king [an Israelite] that animals in their natural form,        and animals in the form of human beings should minister unto        him.”         We can quote here also what is said in Orach Chaiim, 57,        6a:         “If pigs are to be pitied when they suffer from disease,        because their intestines are similar to ours, how much more        should the Akum be pitied when thus affected.”

9. ANIMALS         In Zohar, II, (64b) it says:         “…People who worship idols, and who are called cow and        ass, as it is written: I have a cow and an ass…”         Rabbi Bechai, in his book Kad Hakkemach, ch. I,        beginning with the word Geulah – redemption – referring to         Psalm 80, v.13: The boar out of the wood doth waste it, says:         “The letter ain is dropped [suspended] the same        as these worshippers are followers of him who was        suspended.”         Buxtorf (Lex.) says:         “By wild pig the author here means the Christians        who eat pork and, like pigs, have destroyed the vineyard of        Israel, the City of Jerusalem, and who believe in the        ‘suspended’ Christ. Else the letter ain is dropped in this        word because they, as worshippers of Christ who was hanged,        are also dropped.”         Rabbi Edels, in commenting on Kethuboth (110b) says:         “The Psalmist compares the Akum to the unclean        beast in the woods.”

10. WORSE THAN ANIMALS         Rabbi Schelomo Iarchi (Raschi), famous Jewish commentator,        explaining the law of Moses (Deuter. XIV, 21) forbidding        the eating of meat of wounded animals, but which must be given        to the ‘stranger in thy gates,’ or which, according to         Exodus        (XXII, 30) is to be thrown to the dogs, has this to say:         “…for he is like a dog. Are we to take to word ‘dog’        here        literally? By no means. For the text in speaking of dead bodies        says, Or thou mayest sell it to an alien. This applies        much more to the meat of wounded animals,  for which it is        permitted to accept payment. Why therefore does the Scripture        say it may be thrown to ‘dogs?’ In order to teach you that a        dog is to be more respected than the Nokhri.”

11. THEY PROPAGATE LIKE BEASTS         In the Sanhedrin (74b) Tosephoth, it says:         “The sexual intercourse of a Goi is like that of a        beast.”         And in Kethuboth (3b) it says:         “The seed of a Goi is worth the same as that of a        beast.”         Hence it is to be inferred that Christian marriage is not true        marriage.         In Kidduschim (68a), it says:         “…How do we know this? Rabbi Huna says: You can read:        Remain here with the ass, that is, with a people like an ass.        Hence it appears that they are not capable of contracting        marriage.”         And in Eben Haezer (44, 8):         “If a Jew enters into marriage with an Akum        (Christian), or with his servant, the marriage is null. For        they        are not capable of entering into matrimony. Likewise if an         Akum or a servant enter into matrimony with a Jew, the        marriage is null.”         In Zohar (II, 64b) it  says:         “Rabbi Abba says: If only idolaters alone had sexual        intercourse, the world would not continue to exist. Hence we        are        taught that a Jew should not give way to those infamous        robbers.        For if these propagate in greater numbers, it will be        impossible        for us to continue to exist because of them. For they give        birth        to sucklings the same as dogs.”

12. CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL         In Zohar (I, 28b) we read: “Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the        field, etc. (Genes. III, 1.) ‘More subtle’ that is        towards evil; ‘than all beasts’ that is, the idolatrous people        of the earth. For they are the children of the ancient serpent        which seduced Eve.”         The best argument used by the Jews to prove that Christians are        of the race of the devil is the fact that they are        uncircumcized.        The foreskin on non-Jews prevents them from being called the        children of the Most High God. For by circumcision the name of        God – Schaddai – is complete in the flesh of a        circumcized Jew. The form of the letter Isch is in his        nostrils, the letter Daleth in his (bent) arm, and ain        appears in his sexual organ by circumcision. In non-circumcized        gentiles, therefore, such as Christians, there are only two        letters, Isch and Daleth, which make the word         Sched, which means devil. They are, therefore, children        of the Sched, the devil.

13. THE SOULS OF CHRISTIANS ARE EVIL AND UNCLEAN         The teaching of the Jews is that God created two natures, one        good and the other evil, or one nature with two sides, one        clean        and the other unclean. From the unclean side, called         Keliphah        – rind, or scabby crust – the souls of Christians are said to        have come.         In Zohar (I, 131a) it says:         “idolatrous people, however, since they exist, befoul the        world, because their souls come out of the unclean side.”                 And in Emek Hammelech (23d) it says:         “The souls of the impious come from Keliphah, which        is death and the shadows of death.” Zohar (I, 46b, 47a) goes to show that this unclean side        is the left side, from which the souls of the Christians come:         “And he created every living thing, that is, the        Israelites, because they are the children of the Most High God,        and their holy souls come out from Him. But where do the souls        of the idolatrous gentiles come from? Rabbi Eliezer says: from        the left side, which makes their souls unclean. They are        therefore all unclean and they pollute all who come in contact        with them.”

14. AFTER DEATH THEY GO DOWN TO HELL         The Elders teach that Abraham sits at the gate of Gehenna and        prevents any circumcized person from entering there; but that        all the uncircumcized go down to hell.         In Rosch Haschanach (17a) it says:         “Heretics and Epicureans and Traitors go down into        hell.”

15. THE FATE OF DEAD CHRISTIANS         The bodies of Christians after death are called by the odious        name of Pegarim, which is the word used in Holy        Scripture for the dead bodies of the damned and of animals,        but never for the pious dead who are called Metim.        Thus the Schulchan Arukh orders that a dead Christian        must be spoken of in the same way as a dead animal.         In Iore Dea (377, 1) it says:         “Condolences must not be offered to anyone on account of        the death of his servants or handmaids. All that may be said        is ‘May God restore your lost one, the same as we say to a man        who has lost a cow or an ass.'”         Nor must Christians be avoided for seven days after they have        buried  someone, as the law of Moses commands, since they        are not men; for the burial of an animal does not pollute one.                 In Iebhammoth (61a) it says:         “The Nokhrim are not rendered unclean by a burial.        For it is said: Ye are my sheep, the sheep of my pasture;        ye are men. You are thus called men, but not the         Nokhrim.”

Article III. – About        Christian Rites and Worship

Since Christians are regarded by the Jews as idolators, all        their forms of worship are idolatrous. Their priests are called        priests of Baal; their temples are called houses of lies and        idolatry, and everything they contain, such as chalices,        statues and books, are regarded as made for the serving of        idols; their prayers, both private and public, are sinful and        offensive to God; and their festivals are called days of evil.        

1. PRIESTS         The Talmud speaks of priests, the ministers of Christian        worship,        as idolatrous and belonging to the god Baal. They are also        called         Komarim – Soothsayers; and also Galachim, the        shaved, because they shave their heads, particularly the monks.                 In Abhodah Zarah (14b) Toseph, it says:         “It is forbidden to sell books of the prophets to the        soothsayers, since they may use them for their evil worship in        their idolatrous  temples. Those who do so sin against the        law which forbids us to place an obstacle in the way of a blind        person. It is also forbidden to sell them to a Christian who is        not shaved, for he is sure to give or sell them to one of them        who is shaved.”
        2. CHRISTIAN CHURCHES         A place of Christian worship is called (1) Beth Tilfah,        a        house of vanity and foolishness, in place of Beth Tefilah,                 a house of prayer; (2) Beth Abhodha Zarah, a House of        Idolatry; (3) Beth Hatturapi Schel Letsim, a house of        Evil Laughter.         In Abhodah Zarah (78) the Perusch of Maimonides, it        says:         “Be it known to you that it is beyond a doubt forbidden by        law to pass through a Christian city in which there is a house        of        vanity, that is, a house of idolatry; much more to live        therein.        But we today, as punishment for our sins, are subject to them,        and are forced to live in their countries, as it was foretold        in         Deuteronomy (IV, 28): And there ye shall serve gods,        the work of men’s hands, of wood and stone…Thus if it is        allowed as predicted to pass around a Christian city, much more        so must we pass around an idolatrous temple; nor is it allowed        us even to look inside and above all to enter in.”         A Jew is forbidden not only to enter a Christian church, but        even to go near it, except under certain circumstances.         In Iore Dea (142, 10) it says:         “It is forbidden to stand in the shadow of a house of        idolatry, whether from the inside or the outside, for a        distance        of four cubits from the front door. It is not forbidden,        however,        to stand under the shadows of the back of a church. Nor is the        shadow forbidden us if the church stands in a place where        formerly there was public road, which was taken from the        community and the house of idolatry built upon it. For the road        is still there. But if the house of idolatry  existed        before        the road, it is not permitted to pass before it. There are some        who say that it is forbidden to pass there in any case.”                 Neither is a Jew allowed to listen to, or admire the beautiful        music of the churches. In Iore Dea (142, 15) it says:         “It is forbidden to listen to the music if idolatrous        worship, and to examine the statues of their idols; for even by        looking at them one can be influenced by the evil of idolatry.        But one can look who does not intend to be so affected.”                 Likewise a Jew is not allowed to have a house near a church;        nor        is he allowed to rebuild a house which has been destroyed in        such        a place. In Iore Dea (143, 1) it says:         “If a house near an idolatrous temple belonging to the         Akum falls down, it must not be rebuilt. A Jew must        remove it a certain distance away if he wishes to rebuild it.        But he must fill up the vacant space between his house and the        church with bushes and rubbish so that the space will not be        used to extend the idolatrous temple.”         Here may be added what a certain Rabbi Kelomimus said about a        Christian church (in the book Nizzachon) to the Emperor        Henry III, who gave him permission to speak his opinion freely        about the Basilica which he had recently built at Spires:         “After the Emperor Henry III, a very wicked man, had        completed the building of that “Abyss,” he sent for        Rabbi Kelominus and said  to him: “I want to ask you,        how does this Basilica which I have built compare with the        magnificence of Solomon’s Temple, about which so many volumes        have been written?” He replied: ‘My Lord, if you will        permit        me that you will let me go unharmed, I will tell you the truth        about it.’ The Emperor answered: ‘I give you my word as a lover        of the truth and as an Emperor, that no harm shall come to        you.’        Then the Jew said: ‘If you gathered together all you have spent        so far, and added to it all the silver and gold in your        treasury,        it would not suffice even to pay the workmen and craftsmen that        Solomon employed; for it is written (Chron. II, ch 2):         And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear        burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountains, and        three thousand and six hundred to oversee them. Eight years        were spent in the building of the Temple, much more than you        spent in building this Tehon [Abyss]. And when Solomon        had finished his Temple, see what the Scripture says about it:         The priests could not stand to minister by reason of the        cloud; for the glory of God had filled the House of the Lord        (Chron. II, Ch. 5, 14). But if someone loaded an ass with        putrid garbage and led it into this abyss of yours, no one        would notice the difference!’ The Emperor Henry then replied:        ‘Were it not that I have sworn to let you go unharmed, I would        order your head cut off.'”

3. CHALICES         Chalises used in the Sacrifice of the mass are spoken of as        vessels in which filth is offered up to the idol. Moses        Kozzensis, in Hilkoth Abhodah Zarah (10b) says:         “A Jew who buys Chalises of the Goi, which are broken and        thrown away, it is not permitted to sell them again to them,        because their priest of Baal will use them in the worship of        the        idol.”

4. BOOKS         The Talmud calls the books of the Christians Minim        – heretical books – Siphre Debeth Abidan – Books of the        House of Perdition. The Talmud in particular speaks of the        books of the Gospels. Thus in Schabbath (116a)         Toseph: “Rabbi Meir calls heretical books Aaven Gilaion         (volumes of iniquity) because the call them Gospels.”                 And Rabbi Jochanan calls these books Aavon Gilaion, evil        books. The Schulchan Arukh, Crakow edition, gives this        name as Aven Niktabh al Haggilaion – iniquity written in a        book.         Buxtorf says: “In the Arukh there is a note Scheker        Niktabh al Gilaion, which means, a lie written in a        book.”         All the Talmudists agree that the books of the Christians        should        be destroyed. They differ only as to what should be done with        the        names of God contained in them. In Schabbath (116a) it        says:         “The Glossaries of our own books and the books of the        heretics are not to be saved from the flames, if they should        catch fire on the Sabbath day. Rabbi Jose, however, says: ‘On        festival days the divine names should be torn out of the books        of        the Christians and hidden away; what remains must be given to        the        flames.’ But Rabbi Tarphon says: ‘In order that I may be        remembered by my children, if those books should ever fall into        my hands I would burn them together with the divine names        contained therein. For if one is chased by an assassin, or by a        serpent, it would be better to take refuge in a pagan temple        than        in one of theirs; because the Christians knowingly resist the        truth, whereas the pagans do so unknowingly.”

5. PRAYERS         Christian prayers are called, not Tefillah, but         Tiflah. They change the point and insert Iod,         which makes it read to mean sin, foolishness and        transgression.

6. CHRISTIAN FESTIVALS         Christian festivals, especially Sunday, are called Ion        Ed  – day of destruction, perdition, misfortune or        calamity. They are also simply called Iom Notsri –        Christian Days. The word Ed rightly interpreted means        misfortune or calamity, as appears from the Gemarah        and the Glossaries of Maimonides in Abhodah Zarah         (2a):         “The word Edehem means the festivals of the        Christians, since it is written (in Deuter. XXXII, 35):         the day of their calamity.”         Maimonides also says in Abhodah Zarah (78c):         “The words Edehem means the foolishness of their        festivlas. It is the name for their despicable feast days        which do not merit the name of Moedim, for they are        really vain and evil.”         Baretenora also writes:         “The word Edehem is the name for their ignominious        festivals and solemnities.”         The marginal notes of Tosephtoth also give this name to        Christian festivals. Thus in Abhodah Zarah (6a):         “The Day of Evil, that is the Christian Day, is forbidden        to us as well as all their other feast days.”         Some Christian festivals are mentioned by name, such as the        feast of Christmas and Easter. Moses Mikkozzi, referring to the        above text of Abhodah Zarah , says:         “Rabbi Sammuel declares, in the name of Solomon Iarchi,        that in particular the festivals of Christmas and Easter, which        are their principal evil days and the foundation of        their religion, are forbidden to us.”          Maimonides, in hilkoth Akum (ch. IX) has the same:         “Sammuel repeats the words of Rabbi Sal. Iarchi which        forbid        us particularly to celebrate the feasts of Christmas and        Easter,        which are celebrated on account of him who was hanged.”         Furthermore, indications of the impiety of the Jews are to be        found in the names which they give to these Christian        festivals:        For in place of using Tav in the word Nithal,        they often write Tet and call it Nital for the        Latin word Natalis, the Feast of the Nativity. They make        it appear as if this word were from the root Natal which        connotes extermination or destruction. Likewise they refuse to        use the word Paschal (Pesach) for the Christian feast        of Easter. The substitute Koph for Phe and insert        the letter iod and call it Ketsach or Kesach.                 Both pronunciations have an evil meaning. Ketsach is        from the root Katsah, meaning to amputate or cut off        from, and Kesach is from the root Kesa, meaning        to wood or a gallows. This is done because the feast of Easter        is celebrated by Christians in memory of Christ – the one who        was hanged – who was put to death and who rose again from the        dead.

 

    

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His leadership and television interviews have gone trough out the world. Luden Centeno of Converso Marano Jewish background from Spain resides permanently in Jerusalem. His analysis of Middle Eastern events as they relate to Israel is regularly broadcast through internet radio and television through out the world, especially the USA. Luden has given close to 500 television interviews in Israel Jerusalem and broadcasts live from Jerusalem Israel on the radio. On our last 6 radio programs we have had over 500,00 listeners listening in. Our main goal is to educate the world about Israel and its right to protect herself from any form of terrorism that comes out of Ramallah and the occupied territories that belong to Israel. Israel faces many challenges and dangers since a very long time. There is an unprecedented propaganda campaign initiated by the Arab League to demonize, discredit and delegitimize the Jewish people and their state, within their own land! The efforts of the Arab League were recently seen in the UN Resolution 2334 text as follows, adopted by the UN Security Council at its 7853rd meeting, on 23 December 2016. Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 452 (1979), 465 (1980), 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), and 1850 (2008), guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force, reaffirming the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, and recalling the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the International Court of Justice, condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, including, inter alia, the construction and expansion of settlements, transfer of Israeli settlers, confiscation of land, demolition of homes and displacement of Palestinian civilians, in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions. In order to achieve their goals, the Arabs have for more than 30 years resorted to a deliberate misinformation campaign. This propaganda campaign by the Arab League – both in their own countries and for the last three decades exported to Europe and North America has caused Israel what would seem irreparable damage and indeed, it was the main culprit in the reawakening of dormant European anti-Semitism. Israel continues to suffer many attacks from terrorists and should not bow down under the pressure imposed by the USA, the EU. the Quartet, nor the UN. The former Obama administration was working behind the scenes to get UN Resolution 2334 to pass. even while allowing Iran to continue to develop their nuclear facilities by using John Kerry and others to fulfill their hidden agenda. On December 23rd 2016 the US abstained from exercising its veto to UN resolution 2334 which allowed it to pass. Then John Kerry immediately blasted Israel over the presence of Israeli settlements within Israel's own land. The Obama Administration's hidden agenda came to light. The former Obama administration was trying to force Israel to give up more land for false peace as we have seen in the past. Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley were on the negotiating table. For perspective, if the so-called Palestinians obtained Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley, Givat HaRoe’eh in the Samaria community of Eli, Ramat Gilad and Giv’at Assaf (also in Samaria), and Mitzpeh Lachish, near Nehogot outside Hebron. they could easily rain down rockets towards any city within Israel, leaving without defensible borders. We say no to land for false peace as we have seen in the past. By former President Barrack Hussein Obama who had a hidden agenda against Israel who will face many difficult challenges ahead (see Tehillim / See Psalms 83) As we have seen what happened with Gush Katif where almost 9,000 Jews were forced out of their own Jewish land due to US pressure, now Bet El Almuna and Migron and Judea and Samaria face the same threat. More than 17,000 rockets have been fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel since Israel uprooted 9,000 Jewish families. Over 11,000 were fired from Gaza towards the southern Israeli city of Sderot by Islamist extremist whose end-game is the total destruction of my people Israel. Hamas terrorists are supported by Iran and now Hamas has joined hands with Fatah. The Iranian Lebanese proxy Hezbollah who also operate in Syria are committed to the total destruction of Israel and has over 100,00 rockets aimed at Israel .Now Al Qaeda and ISIS who are operating in Syria Egypt and the Sinai Desert they will do anything in their power to destroy my people Israel and all Jews. Judea and Samaria (the heartland of Israel also known as the West Bank) face many challenges in the days to come as Abu Mazen will try to pressure the entire world and former US President Barrack Hussein Obama the UN the EU and the Quartet into giving more land for false peace. We saw what happened after the Oslo Accords were signed, dramatically increasing Islamic terror against Israel. Abu Mazen the fake Palestinian Authority leader approached the United Nations many times and has petitioned to be declared as a recognized nation within Israel's known borders. The time has come to tell the entire world the real truth about the enemies of Israel. We speak on the Quran using a Power Point video presentation. We have been aired on CNN, German TV, Finland TV, CCTV, China Al Jazera, Al Arabiya Turk TV and many radio stations on the current issues of Israel. Luden Centeno has a heart for his people Israel and will continue to inform the entire world the real truth as many News Media outlets throughout the world hold anti-Semitic views and won’t tell you the real truth. Centeno, a former police officer who studied Political Science at Temple University USA was born in the USA and currently lives in Jerusalem Israel, knowing karate and boxing having played semi-pro baseball. He has two children, a girl and a son, both born in Jerusalem. Centeno discovered in 2004 that there were possible Converso Marrano Jews from Spain whose ancestors were forced to convert to Catholicism during the time of the Inquisition in 1492. The family names Centeno and Perez are registered in El Libro Verde De Aragon in Spain. The Roman Catholic Inquisitors maintained all the names of all Jewish families who were forced to convert to Catholicism during that horrible time period in Spain. Since 2004 Centeno has been flying intercontinentally to the USA speaking to the nations on the current issues of the the state of Israel (see Psalms 83′ as the nations gather against Israel.) He has spoken on Al Arabiya TV, Dubai TV, Holland TV, German TV and also on American Family Radio which links up with 700 radio stations. His goal is to educate the entire world that Israel has the right to self-determination and the right to defend itself from terrorism. The Moslem Arabs in that area started calling themselves “Palestinians” merely only 40 years ago. “Palestinian” refers to people who live in Palestine: Arabs (“Arabic speaking peoples”), Bedouins, Druze, Christians, and Jews lived in then the British Mandate of Palestine. No people or nation called Palestine ever ruled as a sovereign national entity on this land. There is no Palestinian language or culture in past history. Palestine, as a country does not presently exist. No Arab nation has their historical roots on the land and no one had laid claim to this territory other than the Jews. The Jewish rule of this land extended over a period of over 2000 years. Israel became a nation in the land in 1312 BC. God gave them the land in a covenant (Deuteronomy 29:1-30:20) and they lived there. See the following Quote from the Quran, "Death to the enemies of Allah! Those that make war against Allah and His apostle and spread disorder in the land shall be slain or crucified or have their hands and feet cut off on alternate sides, or be banished from the land. They shall be held up to shame in this world and sternly punished in the hereafter: except those that repent before you reduce them. For you must know that Allah is..." This is what radical Islam says about us Jews’ “The Day of Judgement will not come about until Muslims fight the Jews (killing the Jews), when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Muslims, O Abdullah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him. Only the Gharkad tree, (a certain kind of tree) would not do that because it is one of the trees of the Jews.” (related by al-Bukhari and Muslim) Psalms Chapter 83 תְּהִלִּים א שִׁיר מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף. 1 A Song, a Psalm of Asaph. ב אֱלֹהִים אַל-דֳּמִי-לָךְ; אַל-תֶּחֱרַשׁ וְאַל-תִּשְׁקֹט אֵל. 2 O God, keep not Thou silence; hold not Thy peace, and be not still, O God. ג כִּי-הִנֵּה אוֹיְבֶיךָ, יֶהֱמָיוּן; וּמְשַׂנְאֶיךָ, נָשְׂאוּ רֹאשׁ. 3 For, lo, Thine enemies are in an uproar; and they that hate Thee have lifted up the head. ד עַל-עַמְּךָ, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד; וְיִתְיָעֲצוּ, עַל-צְפוּנֶיךָ. 4 They hold crafty converse against Thy people, and take counsel against Thy treasured ones. ה אָמְרוּ–לְכוּ, וְנַכְחִידֵם מִגּוֹי; וְלֹא-יִזָּכֵר שֵׁם-יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹד. 5 They have said: ‘Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.’ ו כִּי נוֹעֲצוּ לֵב יַחְדָּו; עָלֶיךָ, בְּרִית יִכְרֹתוּ. 6 For they have consulted together with one consent; against Thee do they make a covenant; God’s word says in Zechariah 8:23 "Thus saith the LORD of Hosts: In Those days it shall come to pass, That ten men shall take hold, out of all the languages of the nations, shall even take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying: We will go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."

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