No such things as palestinians

  • The         True Identity of the So-called Palestinians

In this essay I       would like to present the true origin and identity of the Arab people commonly       known as “Palestinians”, and the widespread myths surrounding       them. This research is intended to be completely neutral and objective,       based on historic and archaeological evidences as well as other documents,        including Arab sources, and quoting statements by authoritative Islamic       personalities.       There are some modern myths -or more exactly, lies- that we can hear everyday       through the mass-media as if they were true, of course, hiding the actual       truth. For example, whenever the Temple Mount       or Jerusalem are mentioned, it is usually       remarked that is “the third holy place       for muslims”, but why it is never said that is the        FIRST Holy Place for Jews? It sounds like an utterly biased       information! In order       to make this essay better comprehensible, it will be presented in two units:              ·1) Myths and facts concerning the origin and       identity of the so-called Palestinians;       ·2) Myths and facts regarding Jerusalem and       the Land of Israel.

I – Origin       and identity of the so-called Palestinians

Palestinians are       the newest of all the peoples on the face of the Earth, and began to exist       in a single day by a kind of supernatural phenomenon that is unique in the       whole history of mankind, as it is witnessed by Walid Shoebat, a former       PLO terrorist that acknowledged the lie he was fighting for and the truth       he was fighting against:

“Why         is it that on June 4th 1967 I was a Jordanian and         overnight I became a Palestinian?”         “We did not particularly mind Jordanian rule.         The teaching of the destruction of Israel was a definite part of the curriculum,         but we considered ourselves Jordanian until the Jews returned to Jerusalem.         Then all of the sudden we were Palestinians – they removed the star from         the Jordanian flag and all at once we had a Palestinian flag”. “When I finally realized the lies and myths I         was taught, it is my duty as a righteous person to speak out”.

This declaration       by a true “Palestinian” should have some significance for a sincerely       neutral observer. Indeed, there is no such a thing like a Palestinian people,       or a Palestinian culture, or a Palestinian language, or a Palestinian history.       There has never been any Palestinian state, neither any Palestinian archaeological       find nor coinage. The present-day “Palestinians” are an Arab people,       with Arab culture, Arabic language and Arab history. They have their own       Arab states from where they came into the Land of Israel about one century       ago to contrast the Jewish immigration. That is the historical truth. They       were Jordanians (another recent British invention, as there has never been       any people known as “Jordanians”), and after the Six-Day War in       which Israel utterly defeated the coalition of nine Arab states and took       legitimate possession of Judea and Samaria, the Arab dwellers in those regions       underwent a kind of anthropological miracle and discovered that they were       Palestinians – something they did not know the day before. Of course, these       people having a new identity had to build themselves a history, namely,       had to steal some others’ history, and the only way that the victims of       the theft would not complain is if those victims do no longer exist. Therefore,       the Palestinian leaders claimed two contradictory lineages from ancient       peoples that inhabited in the Land of Israel: the Canaanites and the Philistines.       Let us consider both of them before going on with the Palestinian issue.

The Canaanites:

The Canaanites       are historically acknowledged as the first inhabitants of the Land of Israel,       before the Hebrews settled there. Indeed, the correct geographic name of       the Land of Israel is Canaan, not “Palestine” (a Roman invention,       as we will see later). They were composed by different tribes, that may       be distinguished in two main groups: the Northern or Coastland Canaanites       and the Southern or Mountain Canaanites.       ·The Northern Canaanites settled along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea       from the southeastern side of the Gulf of Iskenderun to the proximities       of the Gulf of Hayfa. Their main cities were Tzur, Tzidon, Gebal (Byblos),       Arvad, Ugarit, and are better known in history by their Greek name Phoenicians,       but they called themselves “Kana’ana” or “Kinachnu”. They did not found       any unified kingdom but were organized in self-ruled cities, and were not       a warlike people but rather skilful traders, seafarers and builders. Their       language was adopted from their Semitic neighbours, the Arameans, and was       closely related to Hebrew (not to Arabic!). Phoenicians and Israelites did       not need interpreters to understand each other. They followed the same destiny       of ancient Israel and fell under Assyrian rule, then Babylonian, Persian,       Macedonian, Seleucian and Roman. Throughout their history the Phoenicians       intermarried with different peoples that dwelled in their land, mainly Greeks       and Armenians. During the Islamic expansion they were Arabized, yet, never       completely assimilated, and their present-day state is Lebanon, erroneously       regarded as an “Arab” country, a label that the Lebanese people reject.       Unlike the Arab states, Lebanon has a western democratic-style official       name, “Lebanese Republic”, without the essential adjective “Arab”       that is required in the denominations of every Arab state. The only mention       of the term Arabic in the Lebanese constitution refers to the official       language of the state, which does not mean that the Lebanese people are       Arabs in the same way as the official language of the United States is English       but this does not qualify the Americans as British.       The so-called Palestinians are not Lebanese (although some of them came       from Syrian-occupied Lebanon), therefore they are not Phoenicians (Northern       Canaanites). Actually, in Lebanon they are “refugees” and are       not identified with the local people.       ·The Southern Canaanites dwelled in the mountain region from the Golan southwards,       on both sides of the Yarden and along the Mediterranean coast from the Gulf       of Hayfa to Yafo, that is the Biblical Canaan. They were composed by various       tribes of different stocks: besides the proper Canaanites (Phoenicians),       there were Amorites, Hittites and Hurrian peoples like the Yevusites, Hivvites       and Horites, all of them assimilated into the Aramean-Canaanite context.       They never constituted an unified, organized state but kept within the tribal       alliance system.       When the first Hebrews arrived in Canaan they shared the land but did not       intermarry, as it was an interdiction for Avraham’s family to marry the       Canaanites. Nevertheless, eleven of the twelve sons of Yakov married Canaanite       women (the other son married an Egyptian), and since then, the Tribes of       Israel began to mix with the local inhabitants. After the Exodus, when the       Israelites conquered the Land, there were some wars between them and the       Canaanites throughout the period of the Sofetim (Judges), and were definitively       subdued by King David. By that time, most Canaanites were married to Israelites,       others voluntarily accepted Torah becoming Israelites, others joined up       in the Israelite or Judahite army. Actually, the Canaanites are seldom mentioned       during the Kings’ period, usually in reference to their heathen customs       introduced among the Israelites, but no longer as a distinguishable people,       because they were indeed assimilated into the Israelite nation. When the       Assyrians overran the Kingdom of Israel, they did not leave any Canaanite       aside, as they had all become Israelites by that time. The same happened       when the Babylonians overthrew the Kingdom of Judah.       Therefore, the only people that can trace back a lineage to the ancient       Canaanites are the Jews, not the Palestinians, as Canaanites did not exist       any longer after the  8th       century b.c.e. and they were not annihilated but assimilated into       the Jewish people.       Conclusion: the Palestinians cannot claim any descent from the ancient Canaanites       – if so, why not to pretend also the Syrian “occupied territories”,       namely, Lebanon? Why do they not speak the language of the ancient Canaanites,       that was Hebrew? Because they are NOT Canaanites at all!

The Philistines:

It is from the       term “Philistines” that the name “Palestinians” has       been taken. Actually, the ancient Philistines and modern Palestinians have       something in common: both are invaders from other lands! That is       precisely the meaning of their name, that is not an ethnic denomination       but an adjective applied to them: Peleshet, from the verb “pelesh”,       “dividers”, “penetrators” or “invaders”. The Philistines were a confederation       of non-Semitic peoples coming from Crete, the Aegean Islands and Asia Minor,       also known as “Sea Peoples”. The main tribes were Tzekelesh, Shardana, Akhaiusha,  Danauna, Tzakara, Masa or Meshuesh, Uashesh, Teresh or Tursha, Keshesh or Karkisha,  Lukka and Labu. The original homeland of the       group that ruled the Philistine federation, namely the “Pelesati”, was the       island of Crete. When the Minoic civilization collapsed, also the Minoic       culture disappeared from Crete, as invaders from Greece took control of       the island. These ancient Cretans arrived in Southern Canaan and were known       as “Peleshtim” by Hebrews and Canaanites (that became allied       to fight the invaders).        They also invaded Egypt and were defeated by Pharaoh Ramose III in the       12th century b.c.e. The Philistines were organized       in city-states, being the most important the Pentapolis: Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon,       Gath and Ekron, and their territory was close to the Mediterranean coast,       a little longer and broader than the present-day “Gaza Strip”       – not the whole Judah, they never reached Hevron, Jerusalem or Yericho!              Those Sea Peoples that invaded Egypt were expelled towards other Mediterranean       lands and did not evolve into any Arab people, but disappeared as distinguishable       groups in Roman times. Those dwelling in Canaan were defeated by King David       and reduced to insignificance, the best warriors among them were chosen       as David’s bodyguard. The remaining Philistines still dwelling in Gaza were       subdued by Sargon II of Assyria and after that time, they disappeared definitively       from history. They are no longer mentioned since the return of the Jewish       exiles from Babylon.       Conclusion: there is not one single person in the world who may be able       to prove Philistine lineage, yet, if Palestinians insist, they have to recognize       themselves as invaders in Israel, and then they must ask Greece to return       them back the Isle of Crete! The Philistines are extinct and claims to alleged       links with them are utterly false as they are historically impossible to       establish. In any case, claiming a Philistine heritage is idle because it       cannot legitimate any land in which they were foreign occupants and not       native dwellers. Philistines were not Arabs, and the only feature in common       between both peoples is that in Israel they should be regarded as invaders,       Philistines from the sea and Arabs from the wilderness. They do not want       Jerusalem because it is their city, which is not and never has been, they       simply want to take her from the Jews, to whom she has belonged for three       thousand years. The Philistines wanted to take from Israelites the Holy       Ark of the Covenant, modern so-called Palestinians want to take from them       the Holy City of the Covenant.

The Palestinians:       No, they       are not any ancient people, but claim to be. They were born in a single       day, after a war that lasted six days in 1967 c.e. If they were true Canaanites,       they would speak Hebrew and demand from Syria to give them back their occupied       homeland in Lebanon, but they are not. If they were Philistines, they would       claim back the Isle of Crete from Greece and would recognize that they have       nothing to do with the Land of Israel, and would ask excuses to Israel for       having stolen the Ark of the Covenant.

The       land called “Palestine”

In       the 2nd century c.e., the last attempt of the Jews       to achieve independence from the Roman Empire ended with the well-known       event of Masada, that is historically documented and universally recognized       as the fact that determined the Jewish Diaspora in a definitive way. The       Land where these things happened was until then the province known as Judæa ,       and there is no mention of any place called “Palestine” before       that time. The Roman emperor Hadrian was utterly upset with the Jewish Nation       and wanted to erase the name of Israel and Judah from the face of the Earth,       so that there would be no memory of the country that belonged to that rebel       people. He decided to replace the denomination of that Roman province and       resorted to ancient history in order to find a name that might appear appropriate,       and found that an extinct people that was unknown in Roman times, called       “Philistines”, was once dwelling in that area and were enemies       of the Israelites. Therefore, according to Latin spelling, he invented the       new name: “Palæstina”,       a name that would be also hateful for the Jews as it reminded them their       old foes. He did so with the explicit purpose of effacing any trace of Jewish       history. Ancient Romans, as well as modern Palestinians, have fulfilled       the Hebrew Scriptures Prophecy that declares: “They       lay crafty plans against Your People… they say: ‘come, let us wipe them       out as a nation; let the name of Israel be remembered no more’.” – Tehilim       83:3-4 (Psalm 83:3-4). They       failed, as Israel is still alive. Any honest person would recognize that       there is no mention of the name Palestina in history before the Romans       renamed the province of Judea, that such name does not occur in any ancient       document, is not written in the Bible, neither in the Hebrew Scriptures       nor in the Christian Testament, not even in Assyrian, Persian, Macedonian,       Ptolemaic, Seleucian or other Greek sources, and that not any “Palestinian”       people has ever been mentioned, not even by the Romans that invented the       term. If “Palestinians” allegedly are the historic inhabitants of the Holy       Land, why did they not fight for independence from Roman occupation as Jews       did? How is it possible that not a single Palestinian leader heading for       a revolt against the Roman invaders is mentioned in any historic record?       Why there is not any Palestinian rebel group mentioned, as for example the       Jewish Zealots? Why every historic document mentions the Jews as the native       inhabitants, and the Greeks, Romans and others as foreigners dwelling in       Judea, but not any Palestinian people, neither as native nor as foreigner?       What is more, there is no reference to any Palestinian people in the qur’an       (koran), although muslims claim that their prophet was once in Jerusalem       (an event that is not mentioned in the koran either). It appears evident       that he did not meet any Palestinian in his whole life, nor his successors       did either. Caliph Salahuddin al-Ayyub (Saladin), knew the Jews and kindly       invited them to settle in Jerusalem, that he recognized as their Homeland,       but he did not know any Palestinian… To claim that Palestinians are the       original people of Eretz Yisrael is not only against secular history but       also against Islamic history!       The name “Falastin” that Arabs today use for “Palestine” is not an Arabic       name, but adopted and adapted from the Latin Palæstina .       How can an Arab people have a western name instead of one in their own language?       Because the use of the term “Palestinian” for an Arab group is only a modern       political creation without any historic or ethnic grounds, and did not indicate       any people before 1967. An Arab writer and journalist declared:

“There has never         been a land known as Palestine governed by Palestinians. Palestinians         are Arabs, indistinguishable from Jordanians (another recent invention),         Syrians, Iraqis, etc. Keep in mind that the Arabs control 99.9 percent         of the Middle East lands. Israel represents one-tenth of one percent of         the landmass. But that’s too much for the Arabs. They want it all. And         that is ultimately what the fighting in Israel is about today… No matter         how many land concessions the Israelis make, it will never be enough”.

– Joseph Farah,         “Myths of the Middle East” –

Let us hear what       other Arabs have said:

“There is no such         country as Palestine. ‘Palestine’ is a term the Zionists invented. There         is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries part of Syria.         ‘Palestine’ is alien to us. It is the Zionists who introduced it”.

– Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi,         Syrian Arab leader to British Peel Commission, 1937 –

“There is no such         thing as Palestine in history, absolutely not”.

– Professor Philip         Hitti, Arab historian, 1946 –

“It is common         knowledge that Palestine is nothing but Southern Syria”.

– Representant         of Saudi Arabia at the United Nations, 1956 –

Concerning the       Holy Land, the chairman of the Syrian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference       in February 1919 stated:

“The only Arab         domination since the Conquest in 635 c.e. hardly lasted, as such, 22 years”.

The preceding declarations       by Arab politicians have been done before 1967, as they had not the slightest       knowledge of the existence of any Palestinian people. How and when did they       change their mind and decided that such people existed? When the State of       Israel was reborn in 1948 c.e., the “Palestinians” did not exist       yet, the Arabs had still not discovered that “ancient” people.       They were too busy with the purpose of annihilating the new Sovereign State       and did not intend to create any Palestinian entity, but only to distribute       the land among the already existing Arab states. They were defeated. They       attempted again to destroy Israel in 1967, and were humiliated in only six       days, in which they lost the lands that they had usurped in 1948. In those       19 years of Arab occupation of Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip,       neither Jordan nor Egypt suggested to create a “Palestinian” state,       since the still non-existing Palestinians would have never claimed their       alleged right to have their own state… Paradoxically, during the British       Mandate, it was not any Arab group but the Jews that were known as “Palestinians”!

What other Arabs       declared after the Six-Day War:

“There are no         differences between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. We         are all part of one nation. It is only for political reasons that we carefully         underline our Palestinian identity… yes, the existence of a separate         Palestinian identity serves only tactical purposes. The founding of a         Palestinian state is a new tool in the continuing battle against Israel”.

– Zuhair Muhsin,         military commander of the PLO and member of the PLO Executive Council         –

“You do not represent         Palestine as much as we do. Never forget this one point: There is no such         thing as a Palestinian people, there is no Palestinian entity, there is         only Syria. You are an integral part of the Syrian people, Palestine is         an integral part of Syria. Therefore it is we, the Syrian authorities,         who are the true representatives of the Palestinian people”.

– Syrian dictator         Hafez Assad to the PLO leader Yassir Arafat –

“As I lived in         Palestine, everyone I knew could trace their heritage back to the original         country their great grandparents came from. Everyone knew their origin         was not from the Canaanites, but ironically, this is the kind of stuff         our education in the Middle East included. The fact is that today’s Palestinians         are immigrants from the surrounding nations! I grew up well knowing the         history and origins of today’s Palestinians as being from Yemen, Saudi         Arabia, Morocco, Christians from Greece, muslim Sherkas from Russia, muslims         from Bosnia, and the Jordanians next door. My grandfather, who was a dignitary         in Bethlehem, almost lost his life by Abdul Qader Al-Husseni (the leader         of the Palestinian revolution) after being accused of selling land to         Jews. He used to tell us that his village Beit Sahur (The Shepherds Fields)         in Bethlehem County was empty before his father settled in the area with         six other families. The town has now grown to 30,000 inhabitants”.

– Walid Shoebat,         an “ex-Palestinian” Arab –  

How long do       “Palestinians” live in “Palestine”?

According to the       United Nations weird standards, any person that spent TWO YEARS (!!!) in       “Palestine” before 1948, with or without proof, is a “Palestinian”,       as well as all the descendants of that person. Indeed, the PLO leaders eagerly       demand the “right” of all Palestinians to come back to the land       that they occupied before June 1967 c.e., but utterly reject to return       back to the land where they lived only 50 years before, namely, in 1917       c.e. Why? Because if they agree to do so, they have to settle back in Iraq,       Syria, Arabia, Libya, Egypt… and only a handful Arabs would remain in       Israel (by Israel is intended the whole Land between the Yarden River and       the Mediterranean Sea, plus the Golan region). It is thoroughly documented       that the first inhabitants of Eretz Yisrael after some centuries were the       Jewish pioneers, and not the Arabs so-called Palestinians. Some eyewitnesses       have written their memories about the Land before the Jewish immigration:       

“There is not         a solitary village throughout its whole extent (valley of Jezreel, Galilea);         not for thirty miles in either direction… One may ride ten miles hereabouts         and not see ten human beings. For the sort of solitude to make one dreary,         come to Galilee… Nazareth is forlorn… Jericho lies a mouldering ruin…         Bethlehem and Bethany, in their poverty and humiliation… untenanted         by any living creature… A desolate country whose soil is rich enough,         but is given over wholly to weeds… a silent, mournful expanse… a desolation…         We never saw a human being on the whole route… Hardly a tree or shrub         anywhere. Even the olive tree and the cactus, those fast friends of a         worthless soil had almost deserted the country… Palestine sits in sackcloth         and ashes… desolate and unlovely…”.

– Mark Twain,         “The Innocents Abroad”, 1867 –

Where had the       Palestinians been hidden that Mark Twain did not see them? Where was that       “ancient” people in the mid XIX century c.e.? Of course, modern       biased Arab politicians try to discredit Mark Twain and insult and blame       him of racism. Yet, it seems that there were other people that did not achieve       in recognizing a single Palestinian in those times and earlier:

      

“In 1590 a ‘simple         English visitor’ to Jerusalem wrote: ‘Nothing there is to bescene but         a little of the old walls, which is yet remayning and all the rest is         grasse, mosse and weedes much like to a piece of rank or moist grounde’.”.

– Gunner Edward         Webbe, Palestine Exploration Fund,         Quarterly Statement, p. 86; de Haas, History, p. 338 –

“The land in Palestine         is lacking in people to till its fertile soil”.

– British archaeologist         Thomas Shaw, mid-1700s –

“Palestine is         a ruined and desolate land”.

– Count Constantine         François Volney, XVIII century French author and historian –

“The Arabs themselves         cannot be considered but temporary residents. They pitched their tents         in its grazing fields or built their places of refuge in its ruined cities.         They created nothing in it. Since they were strangers to the land, they         never became its masters. The desert wind that brought them hither could         one day carry them away without their leaving behind them any sign of         their passage through it”.

– Comments by         Christians concerning the Arabs in Palestine in the 1800s –

“Then we entered         the hill district, and our path lay through the clattering bed of an ancient         stream, whose brawling waters have rolled away into the past, along with         the fierce and turbulent race who once inhabited these savage hills. There         may have been cultivation here two thousand years ago. The mountains,         or huge stony mounds environing this rough path, have level ridges all         the way up to their summits; on these parallel ledges there is still some         verdure and soil: when water flowed here, and the country was thronged         with that extraordinary population, which, according to the Sacred Histories,         was crowded into the region, these mountain steps may have been gardens         and vineyards, such as we see now thriving along the hills of the Rhine.         Now the district is quite deserted, and you ride among what seem to be         so many petrified waterfalls. We saw no animals moving among the stony         brakes; scarcely even a dozen little birds in the whole course of the         ride”.

– William Thackeray         in “From Jaffa To Jerusalem”, 1844 –

“The country is         in a considerable degree empty of inhabitants and therefore its greatest         need is of a body of population”.

– James Finn,         British Consul in 1857 –

“There are many         proofs, such as ancient ruins, broken aqueducts, and remains of old roads,         which show that it has not always been so desolate as it seems now. In         the portion of the plain between Mount Carmel and Jaffa one sees but rarely         a village or other sights of human life. There are some rude mills here         which are turned by the stream. A ride of half an hour more brought us         to the ruins of the ancient city of Cæsarea, once a city of two hundred         thousand inhabitants, and the Roman capital of Palestine, but now entirely         deserted. As the sun was setting we gazed upon the desolate harbor, once         filled with ships, and looked over the sea in vain for a single sail.         In this once crowded mart, filled with the din of traffic, there was the         silence of the desert. After our dinner we gathered in our tent as usual         to talk over the incidents of the day, or the history of the locality.         Yet it was sad, as I laid upon my couch at night, to listen to the moaning         of the waves and to think of the desolation around us”.

– B. W. Johnson,         in “Young Folks in Bible Lands”: Chapter IV, 1892 –

“The area was         underpopulated and remained economically stagnant until the arrival of         the first Zionist pioneers in the 1880’s, who came to rebuild the Jewish         land. The country had remained “The Holy Land” in the religious and historic         consciousness of mankind, which associated it with the Bible and the history         of the Jewish people. Jewish development of the country also attracted         large numbers of other immigrants – both Jewish and Arab. The road leading         from Gaza to the north was only a summer track suitable for transport         by camels and carts… Houses were all of mud. No windows were anywhere         to be seen… The plows used were of wood… The yields were very poor…         The sanitary conditions in the village [Yabna] were horrible… Schools         did not exist… The rate of infant mortality was very high… The western         part, toward the sea, was almost a desert… The villages in this area         were few and thinly populated. Many ruins of villages were scattered over         the area, as owing to the prevalence of malaria, many villages were deserted         by their inhabitants”.

– The report of         the British Royal Commission, 1913 –

        

 

The list of travellers       and pilgrims throughout the XVI to the XIX centuries c.e. that give a similar       description of the Holy Land is quite longer, including Alphonse de Lamartine,       Sir George Gawler, Sir George Adam Smith, Siebald Rieter, priest Michael       Nuad, Martin Kabatnik, Arnold Van Harff, Johann Tucker, Felix Fabri, Edward       Robinson and others. All of them found the land almost empty, except for       Jewish communities in Jerusalem, Shechem, Hevron, Haifa, Safed, Irsuf, Cæsarea,       Gaza, Ramleh, Acre, Sidon, Tzur, El Arish, and some towns in Galilee: Ein       Zeitim, Pekiin, Biria, Kfar Alma, Kfar Hanania, Kfar Kana and Kfar Yassif.       Even Napoleon I Bonaparte, having seen the need that the Holy Land would       be populated, had in mind to enable a mass return of Jews from Europe to       settle in the country that he recognized as theirs’ – evidently, he did       not see any “Palestinian” claiming historical rights over the       Holy Land, whose few inhabitants were mainly Jews.       Besides them, many Arab sources confirm the fact that the Holy Land was       still Jewish by population and culture in spite of the Diaspora:       ·In 985 c.e. the Arab writer Muqaddasi complained       that in Jerusalem the large majority of the population were Jewish, and       said that “the mosque is empty of worshippers…” .              ·Ibn       Khaldun, one of the most creditable Arab historians, in 1377 c.e. wrote:        “Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel extended       over 1400 years… It was the Jews who implanted the culture and customs       of the permanent settlement”.       After 300 years of Arab rule in the Holy Land, Ibn       Khaldun attested that       Jewish culture and traditions were still dominant. By that time there was       still no evidence of “Palestinian” roots or culture .              ·The historian James Parker wrote: “During       the first century after the Arab conquest [670-740 c.e.], the caliph and       governors of Syria and the [Holy] Land ruled entirely over Christian and Jewish       subjects. Apart from the Bedouin in the earliest days, the only Arabs west       of the Jordan were the garrisons”.             Even       though the Arabs ruled the Land from 640 c.e.       to 1099 c.e.,       they never became the majority of the population. Most of the inhabitants       were Christians (Assyrian       and Armenian) and Jews. If       the historic documents, comments written by eyewitnesses and declarations       by the most authoritative Arab scholars are still not enough, let us quote       the most important source for muslim Arabs:       

“And thereafter         We [Allah] said to the Children of Israel: ‘Dwell securely in the Promised         Land. And when the last warning will come to pass, we will gather you         together in a mingled crowd’.”.

– Qur’an 17:104         –

Any       sincere muslim must recognize the Land they call “Palestine” as       the Jewish Homeland, according to the book considered by muslims to be the       most sacred word and Allah’s ultimate revelation.  

Permanent         Jewish presence in the Holy Land

Whenever the issue       concerning the Jewish population in Israel is discussed, the idea that Jews       are “returning back” to their Homeland after almost two millennia       of exile is taken for granted. It is true that such is the case for the       largest number of Jews, but not for all of them. It is not correct to say       that the whole Jewish nation has been in exile. The long exile, known as       Diaspora, is a documented fact that proves the legitimacy of the Jewish       claim to the Land of Israel, and was the consequence of the Jewish Wars       of independence from the Roman Empire. If “Palestinians” allegedly       are the historic inhabitants of the Holy Land, why did they not fight for       independence from Roman occupation as Jews did? How is it possible that       not a single Palestinian leader heading for a revolt against the Roman invaders       is mentioned in any historic record? Why there is not any Palestinian rebel       group mentioned, as for example the Jewish Zealots? Why every historic document       mentions the Jews as the native inhabitants, and the Greeks, Romans and       others as foreigners dwelling in Judea, but not any Palestinian people,       neither as native nor as foreigner? After the last       Jewish War in the 2nd century c.e., the Roman emperor       Hadrian sacked Jerusalem in 135 c.e. and changed her name into Ælia Capitolina,       and the name of Judæa into Palæstina, in order to erase the Jewish identity       from the face of the Earth. Most of the Jews were expelled from their own       land by the Romans, a fact that determined the beginning of the great Diaspora.       Nevertheless, small groups of Jews remained in the province then renamed       “Palestine”, and their descendants dwelled in their own country       continuously throughout generations until the Zionist pioneers started on       the mass return in the XIX century. Therefore, the Jewish claim to the Land       of Israel is justified not only by an old Biblical Promise, but also by       a permanent presence of Jews as the only autochthonous ethnic community       existing in the Holy Land. Along the centuries and under different dominations,       the “Palestinian” Jews did never submit to assimilation but conserved       their spiritual and cultural identity, as well as their links with other       Jewish communities in the Middle East. The continuous flow of Mizrachim       (Oriental) and Sephardim (Mediterranean) Jews to the Holy Land contributed       to support the existence of the Jewish population in the area. This enduring       Jewish presence in the so-called Palestine preceded many centuries the arrival       of the first Arab conqueror.       Even though Jerusalem has been off-limits to Jews in different periods (since       Romans banned all Jews to enter the City), many of them settled in the immediate       proximities and in other towns and villages of the Holy Land. A Jewish community       was established at Mount Zion. The Roman and subsequent Byzantine rule were       oppressive; Jews were prevented from praying at the Kotel, where the Holy       Temple once existed. The Sassanid Persians took control over Jerusalem in       614 c.e. allied with the local Jews, but five years later the City fell       again under Byzantine control, although it was an ephemeral rule because       in 638 c.e. Jerusalem was captured by the caliph Omar. That was the first       time that an Arab leader set foot in the Holy City, inhabited by non-Arab       peoples (Jews, Assyrians, Armenians, Greeks and other Christian communities).       After centuries of Roman-Byzantine oppression, the Jews welcomed the Arab       conquerors with the hope that their conditions would improve. The Arabs       found a strong Jewish identity in Jerusalem and the surrounding land; Jews       were living in every district of the country and on both sides of the Jordan.       Indeed, the “Palestinians” that were historically dwelling in       the Holy Land were no other than the Jews! Towns like Ramallah, Yericho       and Gaza were almost purely Jewish by that time. The Arabs, not having a       name of their own for this region, adopted the Latin name “Palæstina”,       that they translated into Arabic as “Falastin”.       The first Arab immigrants that settled in the so-called Palestine – or,       according to the modern UN conception, the first “Palestinian refugees”       – were actually Jewish Arabs, namely Nabateans that adopted Judaism. Before       the rise of Islam, flourishing centres like Khaybar and Yathrib (renamed       Madinah) were mainly Jewish Nabatean cities. Whenever there was a famine       in the land, people would go to Khaybar; the Jews always had fruit, and       their springs yielded a plentiful supply of water. Once the muslim hordes       conquered the Arabian peninsula, all that richness was ruined; the muslims       perpetrated massacres against the Jews and replaced them with masses of       ignorant fellahin submitted to the new religion. The survivors had to escape       and took refuge in the Holy Land, mainly in Yericho and Dera’a, on both       shores of the Jordan. The Arab caliphs (Umayyad, Abbasid and Fatimid) controlled the Holy Land       until 1071 c.e., when Jerusalem was captured by the Seldjuq Turks, and       after that time, it was never again under Arab rule. During all that period,       Arabs hardly established any permanent social structure of their own, but       rather governed over the native non-Arab Christian and Jewish population.       Any honest observer would notice that the Arabs ruled over the Holy Land       three centuries less than they did over Spain!       In 1099 c.e., the European Crusaders conquered the so-called Palestine and       established a kingdom that was politically independent, but never developed       a national identity; it was just a military outpost of Christian Europe.       The Crusaders were ruthless and tried by all means to remove any expression       of Jewish culture, but all their efforts ended without success. In 1187       c.e., Jews actively participated with Salah-ud-Din Al’Ayyub (Saladin) against       the Crusaders in the conquest of Jerusalem. Saladin, who was the greatest       muslim conqueror, was not an Arab but a Kurd. The Crusaders took Jerusalem       back from 1229 to 1244 c.e., when the City was captured by the Khwarezmians.       A period of chaos and Mongol invasions followed until 1291c.e., when the       Mameluks completed the conquest of almost the whole Middle East and settled       their capital in Cairo, Egypt. The Mameluks were originally Central Asian       and Caucasian mercenaries employed by the Arab caliphs; a medley of peoples       whose main contingent was composed by Kumans, a Turkic tribe also known       as Kipchak, related to the Seldjuqs, Kimaks and other groups. They were       characterized by their ambiguous behaviour, as Kuman mercenaries were often       contemporarily serving two enemy armies. The Mameluk soldiers did not miss       the right moment to seize power for themselves, and even after their rule       was overthrown, they were still employed as warriors by the Ottoman sultans       and at last by Napoleon Bonaparte.       In 1517 c.e., Jerusalem and the whole Holy Land were conquered by the Ottoman       Turks and remained under their rule during four centuries, until 1917 c.e.,       when the British captured Jerusalem and established the “Mandate of       Palestine”. It was the end of the Ottoman Empire, that owned all the       present-day Arab countries until then. Indeed, since the fall of the Abbasid       caliphate in 945 c.e., no Arab political entity existed in the Middle East       for almost a millennium! By the beginning of the XX century c.e., the population of Judea and Samaria – the improperly called “West Bank” – was less than 100,000 inhabitants, of which the majority were Jews. Gaza had no more than 80,000 “native” inhabitants in 1951, at the end of Israel’s Independence War against the whole Arab world. Gaza was occupied by Arabs: How is it possible that in only 50 years it has increased from 80,000 to more than one million people? Are all those Arabs of Gaza so skilful as to procreate children in a supernatural way? Mass immigration is the ONLY plausible explanation for such a demographic increase. The Arab occupation between 1948 and 1967 was an advantageous opportunity for Arab leaders to promote mass immigration of so-called  “Palestinians” (a mishmash of Arab immigrants) into Judea, Samaria and Gaza from every Arab country, mainly Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan. In fact, since 1950 until the Six-Day War, under Jordanian rule, more than 250 Arab settlements have been founded in Judea and Samaria. The recent construction of the Arab houses is quite evident by the materials used for building: concrete and cinderblock. The Israeli government admits to have allowed over 240,000 workers to enter Judea and Samaria through the border with Jordan since the Oslo Conference – only to have them stay in those territories as Arab settlers. The actual numbers are probably higher. If hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern migrant workers are flooding into the Judea, Samaria and Gaza, why should Israel be required to provide them jobs? In fact the reverse, by supporting their economy while these people refuse to accept Israeli or Jordanian citizenship, Israel is only attracting more migrant workers.  Saudi Arabia in a single year expelled over 1,000,000 stateless migrant workers. Lest anyone think that these are all “Palestinians”, taking account of the definition of  “Palestinian” according to the United Nations: all those Arabs that spent TWO YEARS in “Palestine” before 1948, and their descendants – with or without proof or documentation -.  This definition was specifically designed to include immigrant Arab settlers (not Jewish settlers!).  

 

The British perfidy

The restoration of the desolate and deserted Land began in the latter half of the XIX century with the arrival of the first Jewish pioneers. Their labours created newer and better conditions and opportunities, which in turn attracted migrants from many parts of the Middle East, mainly Arabs but also Circassians, Kurds and others.  The Balfour Declaration of 1917, confirmed by the League of Nations, committed the British government (that took control of the Holy Land after having defeated the Ottoman Turks) to the principle that “His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a Jewish National Home, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object”. It was specified both that this area be open to “Jewish settlement” and that the rights of all inhabitants already in the country be preserved and protected. The “Mandate of Palestine” ‒as it was called the British-occupied land‒ originally included all of present-day Jordan, as well as the whole of Israel, and the so-called “territories” between them (?) ‒actually, the Jordan river and the Dead Sea are the only “territory” between Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom‒. However, the political and economic interests of Great Britain in Arabia turned soon into a blatant anti-Jewish policy. The British rule progressively limited Jewish immigration. In 1939 the admission of Jews to enter the Holy Land was put to an end. In the moment in which Jews from Europe had the greatest need of refuge, the British denied them to reach the Land that was their only hope of deliverance from the atrocious Shoah. Yes, the British government is not less guilty than Nazi Germany for the Shoah! At the same time, the British allowed and even encouraged massive illegal immigration into the lands west of the Jordan river from Arab countries. Then, all the lands of the Mandate of Palestine east of the Jordan river were given to the Arabs and the puppet-kingdom of “Trans-Jordan” was created, name that was then changed into “Jordan” after the Arabs occupied the western side in 1948.  There was no traditional or historic Arab name for this land, so it was called after the river that marked its western border (which was later included, until June 1967).  By this political act, that violated the conditions of the Balfour Declaration and the Mandate, the British stole more than 75 % out of the Jewish National Home. No Jew has ever been permitted to reside in the east of the Jordan river. Less than 25 % then remained of Mandate of Palestine, and even in this remnant, the British violated the Balfour and Mandate requirements for a “Jewish National Home” and for “Jewish settlement”. They progressively restricted where Jews could buy land, where they could live, build, farm or work. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel was finally able to settle some small part of those lands from which the Jews had been banned by the British. Successive British governments regularly condemned Jewish settlement as “illegal”. Actually, it was the British who had acted illegally in banning Jews from these parts of the Jewish National Home! To conclude in shame, when the it was held the UN voting to approve the creation of the State of Israel in November 29, 1947, the United Kingdom ABSTAINED. Israel was recognized by the USSR, the Communist Countries, the USA and Philippines. When the British had to leave the Holy Land, they left their weapons in Arab hands ‒ while Jews were prohibited to have any kind of weapon and had to keep them in secret in order to defend themselves from the imminent attack by the Arabs, in which the British would appear as “disengaged” and free from any responsibility…  

“Palestinian «Refugees»“?              

Another of the big lies that are being passed off as truth by politics and mass media is the “Palestinian refugees” issue: the allegedly “native” population that were “evicted” by the Israelis.  Actually, in 1948 the Arab so-called refugees were encouraged to leave Israel by Arab leaders, who promised to purge the Land of Jews. Almost 70 % of them left without having ever seen a single Israeli soldier. On the other side, nothing is said about the Jewish refugees that were forced to flee from Arab lands due to Arab brutality, persecution and pogroms. As soon as the State of Israel was founded, hundreds of thousands of Jews were expelled from every Arab country, mainly Yemen, Iraq and Egypt. The Mizrachim, also known as Babylonian Jews, were living in present-day Iraq since the Babylonian exile in the  6th century b.c.e., the Teymanim or Yemenite Jews were settled in the Sabean Kingdoms long before Roman times. Arabs have expelled them from the lands where those Jews were living for many centuries! The number of Arab so-called refugees that left Israel in 1948 is estimated to be around 630,000, while the Jewish refugees that were forced out from Arab lands is estimated to be some more than that… Nevertheless, the UN has never demanded from Arab states to receive the Jews that were settled there for many generations and to restore their property and to provide them employment. Meanwhile, the so-called Palestinian “refugees” were intentionally not absorbed or integrated into the Arab countries to which they fled, despite the vast Arab territory (Israel’s extension is less than 1% of the territory of all Arab lands). Out of the 100,000,000 refugees since World War II, the so-called Palestinians are the only refugee group in the world that has never been absorbed or integrated into their own peoples’ lands. On the contrary, Jewish refugees were completely absorbed into Israel. The truth is that the Arab League keeps the Palestinian refugees issue as a political weapon against Israel, with which they continue to fool the United Nations and propagate their perfidious policy. The proofs of such intention are given by Arab sources themselves: At a refugee conference in Homs, Syria, the Arab leaders declared that «any discussion aimed at a solution of the Palestine problem which will not based on ensuring the refugees’ right to annihilate Israel will be regarded as desecration of the Arab people and an act of treason». In 1958, former director of UNRWA Ralph Galloway declared angrily while in Jordan that «the Arab states do not want to solve the refugee problem. They want to keep it as an open sore, as an affront to the United Nations, and as a weapon against Israel. Arab leaders do not give a damn whether Arab refugees live or die». King Hussein, the sole Arab leader that directed integration of the Arabs, in 1960 stated: «Since 1948 Arab leaders have approached the Palestine problem in an irresponsible manner…. They have used the Palestine people for selfish political purposes. This is ridiculous and, I could say, even criminal». Between 1948 and 1967, the Arab flow into the Israeli territories occupied by them (Judea, Samaria and Gaza) was intensified. The UNRWA reported in 1951-52 that «200,000 Arab “refugees” were languishing in Gaza, along with 80,000 original residents who barely made a living before the refugees arrived», notwithstanding, a project to accommodate 10,000 families in the Sinai area (then under Egyptian control) was suspended. How is that the Gaza Strip, having around 80,000 allegedly native residents and twice and half that number of immigrants is only fifty years later overpopulated, with about one and half million of “native people dwelling there since ancestral times”?  The Arab states are acting a downright discrimination policy against Palestinians, preventing them with all means to achieve any sort of integration in the Arab countries (the same ones from where the Palestinians’ grandparents emigrated to the Holy Land). Iraq and Syria were the most appropriate lands for resettlement of the so-called Palestinian refugees. Between 1948 and 1951, more than 120,000 Jews left Iraq to settle in  Israel, leaving all of their goods and homes behind them. Most of them were businessmen and artisans, and many were wealthy.  Their departure created a large gap in Iraq’s economy; in some fields, such as transport, banking and wholesale trades, it reached serious proportions, and there was also a dearth of white collar workers and professional men. Salah Jabr, former dictator of Iraq recognized that «the emigration of 120,000 Jews from Iraq to Israel is beneficial to Iraq and to the Palestinian Arabs because it makes possible the entry into Iraq of a similar number of Arab refugees and their occupation of the Jewish houses there». Nevertheless, Palestinians in Iraq have been “allowed to live in the country but not to assume Iraqi nationality”, despite the fact that the country needs manpower and “is encouraging Arab nationals to work and live there by granting them citizenship, with the exception of Palestinians”. Syria was also almost a desert in the early fifties and a very suitable land to give home to the “refugees”, not only those already dwelling in Syria but also those in Lebanon and Jordan. In 1949 a newspaper editorial from Damascus stated that «Syria needs not only 100,000 refugees, but five million to work the lands and make them fruitful». Indeed, two years later the Syrian government officially requested that half a million Egyptian agricultural workers be permitted to emigrate to Syria in order to help develop Syrian land which would be transferred to them as their property. The responsible Egyptian authorities have rejected this request on the grounds that Egyptian agriculture is in need of labour as well. Syria was offering land rent free to anyone willing to settle there. It even announced a committee to study would-be settlers’ applications. In fact, Syrian authorities began the experiment by moving 25,000 of the refugees in Syria into areas of potential development in the northern parts of the country, but the rigid Arab League position against permanent resettlement prevailed. Palestinians in Syria are still regarded as  “refugees” and discriminated as such. The situation in all the remaining Arab states is the same: even though the great majority of the so-called Palestinian refugees has now left the camps for a better life as immigrant workers, they are being denied citizenship in the Arab countries to which they had moved. Regardless of their good behaviour and the many years they are living there, they are still discriminated and denied full integration in society. They must be kept as “refugees” forever, until they may occupy the Land of Israel once that Jews have been expelled or annihilated, that is the ultimate aim of the Arab League policy. Of curse, they would never achieve in doing so, as every time that the Arabs attacked Israel, the Arabs have undergone a shameful defeat. The current myth is that these Arabs were long  established in “Palestine”, until the Jews came and “displaced” them. The  fact is, that recent Arab immigration into the Land of Israel displaced the  Jews. That the massive increase in Arab population was very recent is  attested by the ruling of the United Nations: That any Arab who had  lived in the Holy Land for two years and then left in 1948 qualifies as a “Palestinian refugee”.

 

II – Myths and facts about Jerusalem and Temple Mount (from “Myths of the Middle East“)      

One of the most popular lies that has become universally accepted as if it was an indisputable truth is the myth about Jerusalem being the third sacred place to Islam. It is quite rare to hear the honest truth, that Jerusalem is the First and Only Holiest place to Judaism! As a matter of fact, Jerusalem is not mentioned at all in the koran, and Muhammad has never been there (perhaps he did not even know about the existence of Jerusalem!). The tale about his dream flight has been related with Jerusalem in a very recent time for political strategy purposes. 1) The Islamic claim to the Temple Mount is very recent – Jerusalem’s role as “The Third Holiest Site in Islam” in mainstream Islamic writings does not precede the 1930s. It was created by the grand mufti Haj Amin alHusseini. Most of the problems surrounding Jerusalem can be traced to two areas of dispute: the political area that asks Jerusalem to be the capital of both Israel and the hypothetic Palestine; the other and most contentious problem is the holiness of Temple Mount to both Judaism and Islam. The role Jerusalem has in the Hebrew Holy Scriptures is well known and not open to debate; however, there are varying opinions on the holiness of Jerusalem, specifically Temple Mount to Islam.  

Many if not most opinions that counter Islam’s claim point out the Jerusalem is not mentioned in the qur’an and did not occupy any special role in Islam until recent political exigencies transformed Jerusalem into Islam’s “third holy site”. This falsehood was created by the grand mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini. The mufti knew that nationalist slogans alone would not succeed in uniting the masses against arriving Jewish refugees; he therefore turned the struggle into a religious conflict.  He addressed the masses clearly, calling for a holy war.  Since the moment when he was appointed to the position of mufti, Haj Amin worked vigorously to raise Jerusalem’s status as an Islamic holy centre.   2) The Islamic claim to Jerusalem is false – There were no mosques in Jerusalem in 632 c.e. at the death of Muhammad… Jerusalem was [then] a Christian-occupied city ‒by Dr. Manfred R. Lehmann, writer for the Algemeiner Journal. Excerpts of the article originally published in the Algemeiner Journal, August 19, 1994‒ The muslim “claim” to Jerusalem is allegedly based on what is written in the koran, which although does not mention Jerusalem even once, nevertheless talks of the “furthest mosque” (in Sura 17:1):  «Glory be unto Allah who did take his servant for a journey at night from the sacred mosque to the furthest mosque». But is there any foundation to the muslim argument that this “furthest mosque” (al-masujidi al-aqsa) refers to what is today called the Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem? The answer is, NO! In the days of Muhammad, who died in 632 of the Common Era, Jerusalem was a Christian-occupied city within the Byzantine Empire. Jerusalem was captured by caliph Omar only in 638 c.e., six years after Muhammad’s death. Throughout all this time there were only churches in Jerusalem, and a church stood on the Temple Mount, called the Church of Saint Mary of Justinian, built in the Byzantine architectural style. The Aqsa mosque was built 20 years after the Dome of the Rock, which was built in 691-692 by caliph Abd el-Malik. The name “Omar mosque” is therefore false. In or around 711, about 80 years after Muhammad died, Malik’s son,  Abd el-Wahd ‒who ruled in 705-715‒  reconstructed the Christian-Byzantine Church of St. Mary and converted it into a mosque. He left the structure as it was, a typical Byzantine “basilica” structure with a row of pillars on either side of the rectangular “ship” in the centre. All he added was an onion-like dome on top of the building to make it look like a mosque. He then named it El-Aqsa, so it would sound like the one mentioned in the koran. Consequently, it is crystal clear that Muhammad could never have had this mosque in mind when he wrote the koran (if he did so), since it did not exist for another three generations after his death. Rather, as many scholars long ago established, it is logical that Muhammad intended the mosque in Mecca as the “sacred mosque”,  and the mosque in Medina as the “furthest mosque”. So much for the muslim claim based on the Aqsa mosque. With this understood, it is no wonder that Muhammad issued a strict prohibition against facing Jerusalem in prayer, a practice that had been tolerated only for some months in order to lure Jews to convert to Islam. When that effort failed, Muhammad put an abrupt stop to it on February 624. Jerusalem simply never held any sanctity for the muslims themselves, but only for the Jews in their domain. 3) The present Arabic name of Jerusalem is “Al-Quds”… but “Al-Quds” is an abbreviation for “The Jewish Temple”! ‒by Rabbi Joseph Katz‒ The Arabic name for Jerusalem is “Al-QuDS (The Holy), which is abbreviation for another Arabic name used for Jerusalem until the last century, “Bayt al-MaQDeS (The Holy House), since the 10th century c.e. The name Bayt al-MaQDeS is a translation of the Hebrew Beyt ha-MiKDaSH, which means “House of Holiness”, “Temple”.  But Islam has no Temple, only the Jews did. Thus the Arabic name for Jerusalem makes no reference to Muhammad’s alleged trip to Heaven, but rather refers to the Jewish Temple! In fact, it can be seen that significant Islamic interest in the Temple Mount does not precede the Six-Day War in 1967. The greatest lie ever told about Jerusalem ‒by Emanuel A. Winston, a Middle East analyst & commentator; January 7, 2001‒ The 13th century Arab biographer Yakut noted: «Mecca is holy to muslims; Jerusalem is holy to the Jews». The terrorist PLO leader Yassir Arafat and the Arabs claimed the Holy Jewish Temple Mount and Jerusalem based upon one extraordinarily huge lie told over and over again. Here then is a brief history of the religious war against the Jewish people, the Jewish State of Israel and her 3000 year old Eternal Capital, Jerusalem. Would be conquerors invariably issue false claims to provide justification for their march to conquest. The more recent call to “Jihad” against the Jews of Israel was first called in 1947 after the U.N. partition in a “fatwa” (religious ruling) by the Saudis ‒ supposedly to save the Al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount from the Jews. Thus, Yassir Arafat, with the full support of the Arab nations, later claimed the Jewish Temple Mount as the third holiest site for Islam – including all of Jerusalem. Therefore, as in the past, this claim has its root in a classic religious war – in addition to other spurious reasons offered. This myth of Jerusalem as Islam’s third holiest city based upon the mythical ascension of Muhammad from Al-Aqsa to Heaven has grown exponentially in the recent telling since 1967. When you tell a Big Lie and repeat it often, it achieves credibility and legs of its own. In Islam, telling a lie to infidels for the sake of enlarging your own believers’ faith or defeating the infidel is acceptable, even desirable. History and revisionism These facts of recorded history have been obliterated by the recent false claims made in the name of radical Islamic fundamentalism supported by the silence of scholars unwilling to face a “fatwa” of assassination, the world media, with full access to Biblical scholars and historical files, have instead accepted the Great Lie. They carry it forward without question and with a certain perverse enthusiasm, having refused to use the Bible (Torah) as a resource ‒ the most accurate historic record of contemporary events of ancient times. They also have neglected to publicize the historic documents that attest the Jewish ownership of Jerusalem, including Arab sources. The history of Jerusalem and the site of the Jewish Holy Temple, constructed in 956 b.c.e. by King Solomon, son of King David, is fully described with minute detail in the Torah. The First Temple was later destroyed by the Babylonian King Nebukhadnetzar in 586 b.c.e. The Second Temple was rebuilt by order of Koresh (Cyrus), the King of Persia, who also paid for its reconstruction and ordered the return of the Jews exiled in Babylon.  The Second Temple was completed and consecrated in 515 b.c.e. After the Jews revolted against Roman rule, the Romans under Titus destroyed and burned the Second Temple beginning on the 9th of Av (Tisha B’Av), 70 c.e. This event is illustrated in the carvings on the Arch of Titus in Rome, depicting Titus’ triumphal march through Rome, parading the Holy Temple vessels, including the great Menorah. Despite Arafat’s claim that there was no Jewish Temple, the Romans memorialized their capture of the Jews and their Temple in 70 c.e. by carving it in stone! Before the days of Muhammad, “Christian” conquerors had occupied Jerusalem  (within the Byzantine Empire). Bringing one’s religion into battle demonstrated that both their armies and their religion were superior to those of their victims when they won. So, they usually built their holy places on top of their victims’ holy places, which they did on the Temple Mount, to absorb the strength of their conquered adversaries and to convert them to their religion. Even under the threat of the sword, the Jews refused to convert and allow their lineage to be absorbed, which would in effect, transfer G§d’s Covenant. Muhammad died in 632 c.e. Jerusalem was subsequently captured from the Romans by caliph Omar, six years after Muhammad’s death. There was a struggle over who would assume Muhammad’s role as leader of the new religion of Islam which he had envisioned. So, another conqueror (the muslims) had superseded the European invaders and their mosque was proof of their superiority in battle and religion. But, it was much more. It was also to be a mighty symbol in the struggle for leadership of the growing movement of Islam. Since Mecca was already the location of Muhammad’s power with its own priest cult, if a claimant wanted to redirect that power to himself as the new leader of Islam, he would also need an uncontested and new base of religious power. He could not make war on Mecca and expect to be accepted as Muhammad’s rightful heir. Jerusalem, despite Muhammad’s rejection, was still looked upon in the then Arab world as a powerful symbol where the ancient Jews had placed their faith. The Jews considered Jerusalem the centre of the world and the earthly dwelling place of HaShem, the One G§d. It was not surprising that the Arabs and other nations wanted to own and control this source of power.

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His leadership and television interviews have gone trough out the world. Luden Centeno of Converso Marano Jewish background from Spain resides permanently in Jerusalem. His analysis of Middle Eastern events as they relate to Israel is regularly broadcast through internet radio and television through out the world, especially the USA. Luden has given close to 500 television interviews in Israel Jerusalem and broadcasts live from Jerusalem Israel on the radio. On our last 6 radio programs we have had over 500,00 listeners listening in. Our main goal is to educate the world about Israel and its right to protect herself from any form of terrorism that comes out of Ramallah and the occupied territories that belong to Israel. Israel faces many challenges and dangers since a very long time. There is an unprecedented propaganda campaign initiated by the Arab League to demonize, discredit and delegitimize the Jewish people and their state, within their own land! The efforts of the Arab League were recently seen in the UN Resolution 2334 text as follows, adopted by the UN Security Council at its 7853rd meeting, on 23 December 2016. Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 452 (1979), 465 (1980), 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), and 1850 (2008), guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force, reaffirming the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, and recalling the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the International Court of Justice, condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, including, inter alia, the construction and expansion of settlements, transfer of Israeli settlers, confiscation of land, demolition of homes and displacement of Palestinian civilians, in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions. In order to achieve their goals, the Arabs have for more than 30 years resorted to a deliberate misinformation campaign. This propaganda campaign by the Arab League – both in their own countries and for the last three decades exported to Europe and North America has caused Israel what would seem irreparable damage and indeed, it was the main culprit in the reawakening of dormant European anti-Semitism. Israel continues to suffer many attacks from terrorists and should not bow down under the pressure imposed by the USA, the EU. the Quartet, nor the UN. The former Obama administration was working behind the scenes to get UN Resolution 2334 to pass. even while allowing Iran to continue to develop their nuclear facilities by using John Kerry and others to fulfill their hidden agenda. On December 23rd 2016 the US abstained from exercising its veto to UN resolution 2334 which allowed it to pass. Then John Kerry immediately blasted Israel over the presence of Israeli settlements within Israel's own land. The Obama Administration's hidden agenda came to light. The former Obama administration was trying to force Israel to give up more land for false peace as we have seen in the past. Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley were on the negotiating table. For perspective, if the so-called Palestinians obtained Judea and Samaria and possibly the Jordan Valley, Givat HaRoe’eh in the Samaria community of Eli, Ramat Gilad and Giv’at Assaf (also in Samaria), and Mitzpeh Lachish, near Nehogot outside Hebron. they could easily rain down rockets towards any city within Israel, leaving without defensible borders. We say no to land for false peace as we have seen in the past. By former President Barrack Hussein Obama who had a hidden agenda against Israel who will face many difficult challenges ahead (see Tehillim / See Psalms 83) As we have seen what happened with Gush Katif where almost 9,000 Jews were forced out of their own Jewish land due to US pressure, now Bet El Almuna and Migron and Judea and Samaria face the same threat. More than 17,000 rockets have been fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel since Israel uprooted 9,000 Jewish families. Over 11,000 were fired from Gaza towards the southern Israeli city of Sderot by Islamist extremist whose end-game is the total destruction of my people Israel. Hamas terrorists are supported by Iran and now Hamas has joined hands with Fatah. The Iranian Lebanese proxy Hezbollah who also operate in Syria are committed to the total destruction of Israel and has over 100,00 rockets aimed at Israel .Now Al Qaeda and ISIS who are operating in Syria Egypt and the Sinai Desert they will do anything in their power to destroy my people Israel and all Jews. Judea and Samaria (the heartland of Israel also known as the West Bank) face many challenges in the days to come as Abu Mazen will try to pressure the entire world and former US President Barrack Hussein Obama the UN the EU and the Quartet into giving more land for false peace. We saw what happened after the Oslo Accords were signed, dramatically increasing Islamic terror against Israel. Abu Mazen the fake Palestinian Authority leader approached the United Nations many times and has petitioned to be declared as a recognized nation within Israel's known borders. The time has come to tell the entire world the real truth about the enemies of Israel. We speak on the Quran using a Power Point video presentation. We have been aired on CNN, German TV, Finland TV, CCTV, China Al Jazera, Al Arabiya Turk TV and many radio stations on the current issues of Israel. Luden Centeno has a heart for his people Israel and will continue to inform the entire world the real truth as many News Media outlets throughout the world hold anti-Semitic views and won’t tell you the real truth. Centeno, a former police officer who studied Political Science at Temple University USA was born in the USA and currently lives in Jerusalem Israel, knowing karate and boxing having played semi-pro baseball. He has two children, a girl and a son, both born in Jerusalem. Centeno discovered in 2004 that there were possible Converso Marrano Jews from Spain whose ancestors were forced to convert to Catholicism during the time of the Inquisition in 1492. The family names Centeno and Perez are registered in El Libro Verde De Aragon in Spain. The Roman Catholic Inquisitors maintained all the names of all Jewish families who were forced to convert to Catholicism during that horrible time period in Spain. Since 2004 Centeno has been flying intercontinentally to the USA speaking to the nations on the current issues of the the state of Israel (see Psalms 83′ as the nations gather against Israel.) He has spoken on Al Arabiya TV, Dubai TV, Holland TV, German TV and also on American Family Radio which links up with 700 radio stations. His goal is to educate the entire world that Israel has the right to self-determination and the right to defend itself from terrorism. The Moslem Arabs in that area started calling themselves “Palestinians” merely only 40 years ago. “Palestinian” refers to people who live in Palestine: Arabs (“Arabic speaking peoples”), Bedouins, Druze, Christians, and Jews lived in then the British Mandate of Palestine. No people or nation called Palestine ever ruled as a sovereign national entity on this land. There is no Palestinian language or culture in past history. Palestine, as a country does not presently exist. No Arab nation has their historical roots on the land and no one had laid claim to this territory other than the Jews. The Jewish rule of this land extended over a period of over 2000 years. Israel became a nation in the land in 1312 BC. God gave them the land in a covenant (Deuteronomy 29:1-30:20) and they lived there. See the following Quote from the Quran, "Death to the enemies of Allah! Those that make war against Allah and His apostle and spread disorder in the land shall be slain or crucified or have their hands and feet cut off on alternate sides, or be banished from the land. They shall be held up to shame in this world and sternly punished in the hereafter: except those that repent before you reduce them. For you must know that Allah is..." This is what radical Islam says about us Jews’ “The Day of Judgement will not come about until Muslims fight the Jews (killing the Jews), when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Muslims, O Abdullah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him. Only the Gharkad tree, (a certain kind of tree) would not do that because it is one of the trees of the Jews.” (related by al-Bukhari and Muslim) Psalms Chapter 83 תְּהִלִּים א שִׁיר מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף. 1 A Song, a Psalm of Asaph. ב אֱלֹהִים אַל-דֳּמִי-לָךְ; אַל-תֶּחֱרַשׁ וְאַל-תִּשְׁקֹט אֵל. 2 O God, keep not Thou silence; hold not Thy peace, and be not still, O God. ג כִּי-הִנֵּה אוֹיְבֶיךָ, יֶהֱמָיוּן; וּמְשַׂנְאֶיךָ, נָשְׂאוּ רֹאשׁ. 3 For, lo, Thine enemies are in an uproar; and they that hate Thee have lifted up the head. ד עַל-עַמְּךָ, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד; וְיִתְיָעֲצוּ, עַל-צְפוּנֶיךָ. 4 They hold crafty converse against Thy people, and take counsel against Thy treasured ones. ה אָמְרוּ–לְכוּ, וְנַכְחִידֵם מִגּוֹי; וְלֹא-יִזָּכֵר שֵׁם-יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹד. 5 They have said: ‘Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.’ ו כִּי נוֹעֲצוּ לֵב יַחְדָּו; עָלֶיךָ, בְּרִית יִכְרֹתוּ. 6 For they have consulted together with one consent; against Thee do they make a covenant; God’s word says in Zechariah 8:23 "Thus saith the LORD of Hosts: In Those days it shall come to pass, That ten men shall take hold, out of all the languages of the nations, shall even take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying: We will go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."

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